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Commonwealth of Virginia
Navy blue flag with the circular Seal of Virginia centered on it. A circular seal with the words "Virginia" on the top and "Sic Semper Tyrannis" on the bottom. In the center, a woman wearing a blue toga and Athenian helmet stands on the chest of dead man wearing a purple breastplate and skirt. The woman holds a spear and sheathed sword. The man holds a broken chain while his crown lies away from the figures. Orange leaves encircle the seal.
Flag Seal
"Old Dominion", "Mother of Presidents and the Mother of Statesmen"
Motto(s): Sic semper tyrannis
(English: Thus Always to Tyrants)[1]
State song(s): "Our Great Virginia"
Virginia is located on the Atlantic coast along the line that divides the northern and southern halves of the United States. It runs mostly east to west. It includes a small peninsula across a bay which is discontinuous with the rest of the state.
Official languageEnglish
Spoken languagesEnglish 86%,
Spanish 6%
Other 8%
Largest cityVirginia Beach
Largest metroBaltimore-Washington Metro Area
AreaRanked 35th
 • Total42,774.2 sq mi
(110,785.67 km2)
 • Width200 miles (320 km)
 • Length430 miles (690 km)
 • % water7.4
 • Latitude36° 32′ N to 39° 28′ N
 • Longitude75° 15′ W to 83° 41′ W
PopulationRanked 12th
 • Total8,470,020 (2017 est.)[2]
 • Density206.7/sq mi  (79.8/km2)
Ranked 14th
 • Median household income$61,486[3] (14th)
 • Highest pointMount Rogers[4][5]
5,729 ft (1746 m)
 • Mean950 ft  (290 m)
 • Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean[4]
Sea level
Before statehoodColony of Virginia
Admission to UnionJune 25, 1788 (10th)
GovernorRalph Northam (D)
Lieutenant GovernorJustin Fairfax (D)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Delegates
U.S. SenatorsMark Warner (D)
Tim Kaine (D)
U.S. House delegation7 Democrats
4 Republicans (list)
Time zoneEastern: UTC −5/−4
AbbreviationsVA, Va.
Virginia state symbols
Flag of Virginia.svg
Seal of Virginia.svg
Living insignia
BirdCardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)
ButterflyTiger Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio glaucus)
Dog breedAmerican Foxhound (Canis lupis familiaris)
FishBrook trout, striped bass
FlowerFlowering Dogwood
InsectTiger Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio glaucus)
TreeFlowering Dogwood
Inanimate insignia
DanceSquare dance
FossilChesapecten jeffersonius
ShellEastern oyster
SloganVirginia is for lovers
TartanVirginia Quadcentennial Tartan
State route marker
Virginia state route marker
State quarter
Virginia quarter dollar coin
Released in 2000
Lists of United States state symbols

Virginia is a state in the United States. Its capital is Richmond and its largest city is Virginia Beach. The official name of Virginia is the Commonwealth of Virginia.

Virginia is bordered (touching) by West Virginia, Maryland, and the District of Columbia (across the Potomac River) to the north, by Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, by North Carolina and Tennessee to the south, and by Kentucky and West Virginia to the west.

Virginia became a state in 1788 after the American Revolution.

Before it became a state of the United States, Virginia was one of the Thirteen Colonies of Great Britain. Virginia was founded (started) in 1607 in Jamestown, Virginia.

The state of West Virginia was part of Virginia until the American Civil War. Virginia then left (seceded from) the United States and joined the Confederate States of America. The western counties of Virginia seceded from Virginia to form a new state which was loyal to the Union. After the end of the Civil War, Virginia became part of the United States again in 1870, but the counties that had left to start West Virginia did not join Virginia again.

Virginia is the state where eight United States presidents were born. This is more than any other state.

Economy[change | change source]

Virginia has many different industries like local and national government, military, farming, technology and business.[6][7] Many Virginians work for the government because it is next to Washington, D.C.. The Central Intelligence Agency,Department of Defense, as well as the National Science Foundation are in Northern Virginia . Farming is the main industry in the state making 334,000 jobs.[6] Tomatos, Peanuts, Tobacco, and hay is grown in Virginia. Technology is a fast growing industry. Virginia is 4th in technology workers after after California, Texas, and New York. [8]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Factpack" (PDF). Virginia General Assembly. January 11, 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 28, 2008. Retrieved October 14, 2008. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. "Virginia: Population estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. July 1, 2017. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
  3. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on November 2, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  5. Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Articles, facts & infographics about Virginia Agriculture". Farm Flavor. Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  7. "Key Industries | Virginia Economic Development Partnership". Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  8. "Virginia loses tech jobs but maintains highest concentration in U.S. - Washington Post". 2013-01-17. Retrieved 2019-03-29.