Lady Gaga in November 2016
|Born||Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta
March 28, 1986
Manhattan, New York, United States
|Net worth||US$275 million|
|Height||5 ft 2 in (1.57 m)|
|Origin||New York City, United States|
|Associated acts||Tony Bennett|
Lady Gaga (born Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta; March 28, 1986) is an American recording artist, songwriter, activist, record producer, businesswoman, fashion designer, philanthropist, and actress. She has a contralto vocal range. Her albums are The Fame, The Fame Monster, Born This Way, Artpop, Cheek to Cheek, and Joanne. She has won six Grammy Awards and various BRIT Awards. She got her stage name from the song "Radio Ga Ga" by the band Queen. She won a Golden Globe Award for her acting role in the television series American Horror Story: Hotel in 2016.
- 1 Life and career
- 2 Public image
- 3 Discography
- 4 References
Life and career[change | change source]
1986–2004: Early life[change | change source]
Lady Gaga was born Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta in New York City, New York, on March 28, 1986. She is the oldest child of Joseph Germanotta, an internet businessman, and Cynthia (née Bissett). She has a younger sister named Natali, who is a fashion student. Lady Gaga is of Italian and French Canadian ancestry. She learned to play piano at the age of four. She wrote her first piano song at 13. She started performing live by age 14. At the age of 11, Gaga went to the Convent of the Sacred Heart. This is a private Roman Catholic school on Manhattan's Upper East Side. Her family wasn't rich. She has said that her parents "both came from lower-class families, so we've worked for everything – my mother worked eight to eight out of the house, in telecommunications, and so did my father." In high school, Gaga played lead roles in Guys and Dolls and in A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum. Gaga said her high school life was "very dedicated, very studious, very disciplined". She also said that it was "insecure". She said in an interview that, "I didn’t fit in, and I felt like a freak."
Gaga was 17 when she went to New York University's Tisch School of the Arts. She lived in a NYU dorm on 11th Street. She studied music. She helped to write essays on art, religion, social issues and politics. Gaga felt that she was more creative than some of her classmates. "Once you learn how to think about art, you can teach yourself," she said. By the second semester of her sophomore year, she left school to focus on her musical career. Her father agreed to pay her rent for a year, if she agreed to go back to Tisch if she failed. "I left my entire family, got the cheapest apartment I could find, and ate shit until somebody would listen," she said. Gaga has said she has had bulimia and anorexia since she was 15.
2005–07: Career beginnings[change | change source]
In 2005, Gaga began a band called the Stefani Germanotta Band. The band played in bars.
2008–10: The Fame and The Fame Monster[change | change source]
Gaga started her creative team, the Haus of Gaga, in 2008. On August 19, 2008, her first album The Fame was released. Her debut album spawned the hit singles "Just Dance" (featuring Colby O'Donis), "Poker Face", "LoveGame", and "Paparazzi". The first two singles became number-one hits for Gaga in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, and several other countries. Gaga's follow-up EP, The Fame Monster, was released on November 18, 2009 and contained the singles "Bad Romance", "Telephone" (featuring R&B singer Beyoncé), and "Alejandro". They became hits worldwide, with all seven of these songs peaking within the top ten of the US Billboard Hot 100, and the first six singles managed to reach number one on Billboard's Mainstream Top 40/Pop Songs chart.
2011–14: Born This Way, Artpop, and Cheek to Cheek[change | change source]
Gaga released her second studio album, Born This Way, on May 23, 2011. Before that, Gaga released the song of the same name on February 11, 2011. The song entered the charts at number 1 in America, becoming her third number-one single there. Born This Way became Gaga's first number-one album in the United States, selling over one million copies there in its first week. Following the song "Born This Way", the singles "Judas", "The Edge of Glory", and "Yoü and I" reached the top ten in the US. The album's final single, "Marry the Night", became a top-thirty hit there.
In 2012, Gaga bought 55 items from an auction for Michael Jackson's possessions. She also released her first fragrance, Fame. The liquid of the perfume is black but sprays clear, which is "like the soul of fame."
On November 6, 2013, Artpop was released and became Gaga's second American number-one album. The song "Applause" was released as Artpop's lead single and reached number 4 in the US and Canada, while peaking within the top ten around the world. "Do What U Want" featuring R&B singer R. Kelly was released as the album's second single, peaking at number 13 in America, number 9 in the UK, and number 3 in Canada. Gaga released the third single, "G.U.Y.", in March 2014. It has peaked at number 76 on the Billboard Hot 100.
In September 2014, Gaga released a collaborative album with jazz artist Tony Bennett titled Cheek to Cheek. Two singles have been released, "Anything Goes" and "I Can't Give You Anything but Love".
2015: American Horror Story: Hotel and The Hunting Ground[change | change source]
In 2015, Gaga was supposed to be the artist to perform the first concert in space; however, this never came into fruition. She performed a tribute to British singer-actress Julie Andrews at the 2015 Academy Awards. Gaga became engaged to her boyfriend, actor Taylor Kinney, over the weekend of Valentine's Day, 2015. However, the couple broke up in mid-2016.[source?]
Throughout that year, Gaga toured with Tony Bennett to promote Cheek to Cheek. Gaga also starred in the FX series, American Horror Story: Hotel.
At the end of 2015, Gaga released the single "Til It Happens to You", co-written with songwriter Diane Warren (who has written songs for Céline Dion, Cher, and Aerosmith, among others) for the documentary The Hunting Ground, which documents sexual abuse on college campuses. The song was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Song Written for Visual Media, along with an Academy Award for Best Original Song. She performed the song at the 2016 Academy Awards with 50 sexual assault survivors.
For her role in American Horror Story, Gaga won a Golden Globe Award in 2016. Gaga performed the National Anthem of the United States at Super Bowl 50 on February 7, 2016.
2016–present: Joanne, Super Bowl LI halftime show, and other endeavors[change | change source]
Gaga released her fifth studio album, Joanne, on October 21, 2016. The style of the album is very different compared to her previous music. It entered at number one on the Billboard 200, and it became Gaga's fourth number-one album of the 2010s decade (2010–19). No other female artist this decade has this number of chart-topping albums.[source?] She worked with producer RedOne again on Joanne, along with artists like Mark Ronson, Beck, and country songwriter Hillary Lindsey. The album includes the singles "Perfect Illusion" and "Million Reasons". The first single reached the top twenty around the world. The second reached as high as #52 in the US when it first charted.
Gaga performed in the Super Bowl LI Halftime Show on February 5, 2017, in Houston, Texas. This became the most-watched halftime show in history across all platforms (the second-most watched on television, behind Katy Perry's 2015 halftime show). After Gaga's performance, "Million Reasons" entered the Billboard Hot 100 again at number four, becoming her 14th top-ten hit and her 10th top-five in the US. It was later certified Platinum by the RIAA.
After Beyoncé announced that she could not perform the Coachella Festival due to her expecting twins, it was revealed that Gaga would perform instead. She performed her old hits along with a new song, "The Cure", that was released the next day. It reached number one on the iTunes charts of 62 countries on the day it was released.
From August to December 2017, Gaga is performing on the Joanne World Tour. A Netflix documentary about her life, called Gaga: Five Foot Two, was released on September 22, 2017.
Public image[change | change source]
Fashion and style[change | change source]
Gaga has a striking fashion sense. The New York Post said her early look was like "a refugee from Jersey Shore" with "big black hair, heavy eye makeup and tight, revealing clothes." Gaga has naturally brown hair. She bleached her hair blonde so she wouldn't look like Amy Winehouse.
LGBT fans[change | change source]
Much of Gaga's early success is due to her gay fans. She is often called a "rising gay icon." Early in her career she had trouble being played on the radio, and stated, "The turning point for me was the gay community. I've got so many gay fans and they're so loyal to me and they really lifted me up. They'll always stand by me and I'll always stand by them. It's not an easy thing to create a fanbase."
Discography[change | change source]
- The Fame (2008)
- The Fame Monster (2009)
- Born This Way (2011)
- Artpop (2013)
- Cheek to Cheek (with Tony Bennett) (2014)
- Joanne (2016)
References[change | change source]
- "Lady Gaga". billboard.com. Billboard.com. http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/news/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1003849684#/bbcom/news/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1003849684. Retrieved 2010-04-09.
- Warrington, Ruby (2009-02-22). "Lady Gaga: ready for her close-up". The Sunday Times (London: News International). http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article5746827.ece. Retrieved 2009-02-22.
- "Biography of Lady Gaga". LadyGaga.com. http://www.ladygaga.com/bio/. Retrieved 2009-01-09.
- Hattie, Collins (2008-12-14). "Lady GaGa: the future of pop?". The Sunday Times (London: News International). http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article5325327.ece?token=null&offset=0&page=1. Retrieved 2009-12-06.
- Sturges, Fiona (2009-05-16). "Lady Gaga: How the world went crazy for the new queen of pop". The Independent (London: Independent News & Media). https://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/features/lady-gaga-how-the-world-went-crazy-for-the-new-queen-of-pop-1684375.html. Retrieved 2009-05-26.
- Barber, Lynn (2009-12-06). "Shady lady: The truth about pop's Lady Gaga". The Sunday Times (London: News International). http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/music/article6940885.ece. Retrieved 2010-06-14.
- Grigoriadis, Vanessa (2010-03-28). "Growing Up Gaga". New York (New York Media Holdings): pp. 7. http://nymag.com/arts/popmusic/features/65127. Retrieved 2010-03-29.
- Bream, Jon (2009-03-21). "Don't Gag on Gaga". Star Tribune (The Star Tribune Company). http://www.startribune.com/entertainment/music/41533957.html?elr=KArksLckD8EQDUoaEyqyP4O:DW3ckUiD3aPc:_Yyc:aUUsZ. Retrieved 2010-01-23.
- Poppell, Seth (2009-12-22). "Lady Gaga was surprisingly normal". In Touch Weekly (Bauer Media Group). http://www.intouchweekly.com/2009/12/in_touch_exclusivelady_gaga_wa.php. Retrieved 2010-01-23.
- Zee, Joe (2009-12-01). "Lady Gaga – An Exclusive Interview with ELLE's January Cover Girl". Elle (Hachette Filipacchi Médias). http://www.elle.com/Pop-Culture/Cover-Shoots/Lady-Gaga. Retrieved 2010-05-05.
- Lady Gaga hits out at weight critics
- Strecker, Erin (August 19, 2015). "Billboard". Everything We Know (So Far) About Lady Gaga's Upcoming Album. Prometheus Media LLC. http://www.billboard.com/articles/columns/pop-shop/6670369/lady-gaga-new-album-lg5-what-we-know. Retrieved January 5, 2016.
- "Lady Gaga kicks off Super Bowl halftime show performance with shocking, patriotic moment". AOL. https://www.aol.com/article/entertainment/2017/02/05/lady-gaga-super-bowl-halftime-show-recap/21707575/. Retrieved February 6, 2017.
- "Lady Gaga Chart Positions on iTunes/Spotify/YouTube". kworb.net. http://kworb.net/itunes/artist/ladygaga.html. Retrieved 2017-04-17.
- Callahan, Maureen; Stewart, Sara (2010-01-22). "Who's that lady?". New York Post (News Corporation). http://www.nypost.com/p/entertainment/music/who_that_lady_CBlHI927dRlLmIwjVfGrwK. Retrieved 2010-03-26. (subscription needed)
- Thomas, Matt (2009-07-09). "Going Gaga". fab (Pink Triangle Press). http://www.fabmagazine.com/features/362/Gaga.html. Retrieved 2009-08-11.
- Vena, Jocelyn (2009-05-07). "Lady Gaga On Success: 'The Turning Point For Me Was The Gay Community'". MTV (MTV Networks). http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1610781/20090506/lady_gaga.jhtml. Retrieved 2009-08-11.