Elkhart, Kansas

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Elkhart, Kansas
Morton County Court House (2009)
Morton County Court House (2009)
Location within Morton County and Kansas
Location within Morton County and Kansas
KDOT map of Morton County (legend)
Coordinates: 37°0′11″N 101°53′53″W / 37.00306°N 101.89806°W / 37.00306; -101.89806Coordinates: 37°0′11″N 101°53′53″W / 37.00306°N 101.89806°W / 37.00306; -101.89806
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyMorton
Founded1913
Incorporated1913
Named forElkhart, Indiana
Area
 • Total2.11 sq mi (5.46 km2)
 • Land2.11 sq mi (5.46 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
3,589 ft (1,094 m)
Population
 • Total2,205
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
1,934
 • Density1,000/sq mi (400/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
67950
Area code620
FIPS code20-20350 [4]
GNIS ID485090 [5]
WebsiteCity website

Elkhart is a city in Morton County, Kansas, United States.[6] It is also the county seat of Morton County. The south part of the city is the Kansas-Oklahoma state border. Elkhart is 8.5 miles (13.7 km) from the Kansas-Colorado border. In 2010, 2,205 people lived there.[7]

History[change | change source]

Elkhart, circa 1905

Elkhart was created in 1913.[8] It was named after Elkhart, Indiana.[9]

In 1961, the county seat was moved from Richfield to Elkhart.[10]

Geography[change | change source]

The United States Census Bureau says that the city has a total area of 2.11 square miles (5.46 km2). All of it is land.[1]

Weather[change | change source]

Elkhart has a cool semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk). It has dry winters with big temperature differences, and it has hot summers, and it sometimes has a lot of precipitation from thunder showers or storms.

During winter, because western Kansas lies both on the edge of the subtropical anticyclones and in the rain shadow of westerly winds crossing the Rocky Mountains, the region is generally dry: no measurable precipitation fell in Elkhart between 25 December 1903 and 2 April 1904, while monthly precipitation above 2 inches or 50.8 millimetres has never been recorded during January and is observed fewer than one year in ten during November, December or February. Temperatures can vary greatly during this season: strong chinook winds can drive temperatures above 80 °F or 26.7 °C even in the depth of winter, with 70 °F or 21.1 °C reached on average during six days between December and February, seven during November and eight during March. Nevertheless, cold outbreaks from Canada drive temperatures to or below 0 °F or −17.8 °C on an average of 3.6 nights per winter. The coldest temperature recorded in Elkhart has been −22 °F or −30 °C on January 19, 1984, while the hottest winter temperature has been 87 °F or 30.6 °C on February 1, 1963.

In the summer, the climate is generally very hot. It sometime gets thunderstorms. Those storms provide most of the 18.9 inches or 480 millimetres of precipitation expected during one year.The wettest calendar year has been 1941 with 29.74 inches or 755.4 millimetres and the driest 1937 when only 9.03 inches or 229.4 millimetres fell.

Climate data for Elkhart, Kansas (1971-2000; extremes since 1900)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 83
(28)
87
(31)
91
(33)
96
(36)
104
(40)
110
(43)
110
(43)
108
(42)
105
(41)
96
(36)
91
(33)
85
(29)
110
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 45.1
(7.3)
50.6
(10.3)
58.6
(14.8)
68.1
(20.1)
77.8
(25.4)
88.9
(31.6)
93.4
(34.1)
90.9
(32.7)
82.3
(27.9)
71.6
(22.0)
56.3
(13.5)
46.9
(8.3)
69.2
(20.7)
Average low °F (°C) 18.3
(−7.6)
22.2
(−5.4)
29.9
(−1.2)
38.9
(3.8)
49.0
(9.4)
58.9
(14.9)
64.2
(17.9)
62.7
(17.1)
54.0
(12.2)
41.1
(5.1)
28.9
(−1.7)
20.6
(−6.3)
40.7
(4.8)
Record low °F (°C) −22
(−30)
−18
(−28)
−18
(−28)
8
(−13)
21
(−6)
33
(1)
45
(7)
43
(6)
25
(−4)
6
(−14)
−7
(−22)
−18
(−28)
−22
(−30)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.54
(14)
0.44
(11)
1.38
(35)
1.67
(42)
2.75
(70)
2.50
(64)
2.82
(72)
2.74
(70)
1.69
(43)
1.11
(28)
0.78
(20)
0.48
(12)
18.9
(481)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 5.5
(14)
4.4
(11)
4.9
(12)
1.2
(3.0)
0.2
(0.51)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.25)
1.0
(2.5)
1.6
(4.1)
3.4
(8.6)
22.3
(55.96)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 3.3 3.1 5.2 5.4 7.8 7.4 7.3 6.9 5.2 3.7 3.6 3.1 62
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch) 2.3 2.0 1.5 0.4 trace 0.0 0.0 0.0 trace 0.2 1.0 1.9 9.3
Source 1: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administriation[11]
Source 2: National Weather Service Dodge City[12]

People[change | change source]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19201,160
19301,48528.0%
1940902−39.3%
19501,13225.5%
19601,78057.2%
19702,08917.4%
19802,2437.4%
19902,3183.3%
20002,233−3.7%
20102,205−1.3%
2016 (est.)1,934[3]−12.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[change | change source]

The 2010 census says that there were 2,205 people, 856 households, and 571 families living in Elkhart.[2]

Education[change | change source]

Elkhart is served by USD 218 Elkhart. The Elkhart High School mascot is the Wildcats.[13]

Famous people[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved March 27, 2011.
  8. Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 248.
  9. "Profile for Elkhart, Kansas". ePodunk. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 16 June 2014.
  10. Morton County Facts; mtcoks.com
  11. "Climatography of the United States No. 20: 1971-2000 – Elkhart, KS" (PDF). Retrieved September 29, 2016.
  12. "NOW Data". Retrieved September 29, 2016.
  13. "Elkhart USD 218". USD 218. Retrieved 8 January 2017.

Other websites[change | change source]

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