Fricative consonant

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A fricative consonant is a consonant that is made when you squeeze air through a small hole or gap in your mouth. For example, the gaps between your teeth can make fricative consonants; when these gaps are used, the fricatives are called sibilants. Some examples of sibilants in English are [s], [z], [ʃ], and [ʒ].

Sibilant fricatives[change | change source]

This is a list of sibilant fricatives.

Non-sibilant fricatives[change | change source]

Lateral fricatives[change | change source]

Pseudo-fricatives[change | change source]

In many languages, such as English, the glottal "fricatives" like the [h] in English "hat", ia not really a fricative because there are just vowels that are not voiced. However, in languages such as Arabic, they are true fricatives.[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. Ladefoged, Peter; Maddieson, Ian (1996). The Sounds of the World's Languages. Oxford: Blackwell. ISBN 0-631-19814-8.

Other websites[change | change source]