Palatal consonant

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A palatal consonant is a consonant that is pronounced with the body (the middle part) of the tongue against the hard palate (which is the middle part of the roof of the mouth). There is only one palatal consonant in English which is [j], which is the sound for "y" in the English word "yes". The most common palatal consonant used in the world is [j].

Palatal consonant in IPA[change | change source]

These are the palatal consonants in the International Phonetic Alphabet:

IPA Description Example
Language Orthography IPA Meaning
palatal nasal French agneau [aɲo] lamb
voiceless palatal plosive Hungarian hattyú [hɒuː] swan
voiced palatal plosive Latvian ģimene [ɟimene] family
voiceless palatal fricative German nicht [nɪçt] not
voiced palatal fricative Spanish yema [ʝema] egg yolk
palatal approximant English yes [jɛs] yes
palatal lateral approximant Italian gli [ʎi] the (masculine plural)
voiced palatal implosive Swahili hujambo [huʄambo] hello
palatal click Nǁng ǂoo [ǂoo] man, male