Voiced labiodental fricative

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Voiced labiodental fricative
v
IPA number129
Encoding
Entity (decimal)v
Unicode (hex)U+0076
X-SAMPAv
Kirshenbaumv
Sound

 

The voiced labiodental fricative is a type of consonant. The letter for this sound in the International Phonetic Alphabet is ⟨v⟩. The X-SAMPA symbol for this sound is ⟨v⟩. The English language has this sound, and it is the sound represented by 'v' in very and division.

Features[change | change source]

Examples[change | change source]

Language Word IPA Meaning
Abkhaz европа [evˈropʼa] 'Europe'
Afrikaans wees [vɪəs] 'to be'
Albanian valixhe [vaˈlidʒɛ] 'case'
Arabic Algerian[1] كاڥي [kavi] 'ataxy'
Hejazi ڤيروس [vajˈruːs] 'virus'
Siirt[1] ذهب [vaˈhab] 'gold'
Armenian Eastern[2] վեց audio speaker icon[vɛtsʰ]  'six'
Assyrian ܟܬܒ̣ܐ ctava [ctaːva] 'book'
Bai Dali ? [ŋv˩˧] 'fish'
Bulgarian вода [voda] 'water'
Catalan Alguerese[3] vell [ˈveʎ] 'old'
Balearic[4] [3]
Southern Catalonia[5]
Valencian[5][3]
Chechen вашa / vaṣa [vaʃa] 'brother'
Chinese Wu [vɛ] 'cooked rice'
Sichuanese [v] 'five'
Czech voda [ˈvodä] 'water'
Danish Standard[6] véd [ve̝ːˀð̠˕ˠ] 'know(s)'
Dutch All dialects wraak [vraːk] 'revenge'
Most dialects vreemd [vreːmt] 'strange'
Standard[7]
English All dialects valve [væɫv] 'valve'
African American[8] breathe [bɹiːv] 'breathe'
Cockney[9] [bɹəi̯v]
Esperanto vundo [ˈvundo] 'wound'
Ewe[10] evlo [évló] 'he is evil'
Faroese[11] veður [ˈveːʋuɹ] 'speech'
French[12] valve [valv] 'valve'
Georgian[13] იწრო [ˈvitsʼɾo] 'narrow'
German Wächter [ˈvɛçtɐ] 'guard'
Greek βερνίκι verníki [ve̞rˈnici] 'varnish'
Hebrew גב [ɡav] 'back'
Hindi[14] व्र [vrət̪] 'fast'
Hungarian veszély [vɛseːj] 'danger'
Irish bhaile [vaːlə] 'home'
Italian[15] avare [aˈvare] 'miserly' (f. pl.)
Judaeo-Spanish mueve [ˈmwɛvɛ] 'nine'
Kabardian вагъуэ audio speaker icon[vaːʁʷa]  'star'
Macedonian вода [vɔda] 'water'
Maltese iva [iva] 'yes'
Norwegian Urban East[16] venn [ve̞nː] 'friend'
Occitan Auvergnat vol [vɔl] 'flight'
Limousin
Provençal
Persian Western ورزش [varzeʃ] 'sport'
Polish[17] wór audio speaker icon[vur]  'bag'
Portuguese[18] vila [ˈvilɐ] 'town'
Romanian val [väl] 'wave'
Russian[19][20] волосы [ˈvʷo̞ɫ̪əs̪ɨ̞] 'hair'
Serbo-Croatian voda [vɔ'da] 'water'
Slovak[21] vzrast [vzräst] 'height'
Slovene[22] filozof 'philosopher'
Spanish[23] afgano [ävˈɣ̞äno̞] 'Afghan'
Swedish vägg [ˈvɛɡː] 'wall'
Turkish[24] vade [väːˈd̪ɛ] 'due date'
Tyap vak [vag] 'road'
Urdu ورزش [vəɾzɪʃ] ‘exercise’
Vietnamese[25] và [vaː˨˩] 'and'
West Frisian weevje [ˈʋeɪ̯vjə] 'to weave'
Welsh fi [vi] 'I'
Yi /vu [vu˧] 'intestines'

Notes[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Watson (2002:15)
  2. Dum-Tragut (2009:18)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "La /v/ labiodental" (PDF). IEC. Retrieved 13 June 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. Carbonell & Llisterri (1992:53)
  5. 5.0 5.1 Wheeler (2002:13)
  6. Basbøll (2005:62)
  7. Gussenhoven (1992:45)
  8. McWhorter (2001), pp. 148.
  9. Wells (1982), p. 328.
  10. Ladefoged (2005:156)
  11. Árnason (2011:115)
  12. Fougeron & Smith (1993:73)
  13. Shosted & Chikovani (2006:255)
  14. Janet Pierrehumbert; Rami Nair (1996), Implications of Hindi Prosodic Structure (Current Trends in Phonology: Models and Methods) (PDF), European Studies Research Institute, University of Salford Press, 1996, ISBN 978-1-901471-02-1, archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-13, retrieved 2022-02-16
  15. Rogers & d'Arcangeli (2004:117)
  16. Kristoffersen (2000:74)
  17. Jassem (2003:103)
  18. Cruz-Ferreira (1995:91)
  19. Padgett (2003:42)
  20. Yanushevskaya & Bunčić (2015:223)
  21. Hanulíková & Hamann (2010:374)
  22. Herrity (2000:16)
  23. http://www.uclm.es/profesorado/nmoreno/compren/material/2006apuntes_fonetica.pdf Archived 2012-03-07 at the Wayback Machine; http://plaza.ufl.edu/lmassery/Consonantes%20oclusivasreviewlaurie.doc
  24. Göksel & Kerslake (2005:6))
  25. Thompson (1959:458–461)

References[change | change source]