Myanmar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from List of cities in Myanmar)
Jump to: navigation, search
Republic of the Union of Myanmar
ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်
Flag State seal
Anthem: Kaba Ma Kyei
Till the End of the World
Location of  Myanmar  (green)in ASEAN  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Myanmar  (green)

in ASEAN  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Capital Naypyidawa
19°45′N 96°6′E / 19.75°N 96.1°E / 19.75; 96.1
Largest city Yangon (Rangoon)
Official languages Burmese
Recognised regional languages
Official scripts Burmese script
Ethnic groups
Demonym Burmese / Myanma
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Htin Kyaw[1]
 -  Vice Presidents
Legislature Assembly of the Union
 -  Upper house House of Nationalities
 -  Lower house House of Representatives
Formation
 -  Pagan Dynasty 23 December 849 
 -  Toungoo Dynasty 16 October 1510 
 -  Konbaung Dynasty 29 February 1752 
 -  Independence
(from United Kingdom)
4 January 1948 
 -  Coup d'état 2 March 1962 
 -  New constitution 30 March 2011 
Area
 -  Total 676,578 km2 (40th)
261,227 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 3.06
Population
 -  2010 estimate 60,280,000[2] (24th[3])
 -  1983 census 33,234,000
 -  Density 73.9/km2 (119th)
191.5/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $89.461 billion[4]
 -  Per capita $1,405[4]
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $53.140 billion[4]
 -  Per capita $854[4]
HDI (2012) Increase 0.498[5]
low · 149th
Currency Kyat (K) (MMK)
Time zone MST (UTC+06:30)
Drives on the rightb
Calling code +95
ISO 3166 code MM
Internet TLD .mm
a. Some governments recognise Yangon (Rangoon) as the national capital.[6]
b. Road infrastructure is still for driving on the left.

Myanmar is a country in South East Asia. Its full name is the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. It is also sometimes called Burma. Myanmar is the largest country in South East Asia that is not an island. It is also part of South Asia.

It is bordered by China on the north, Laos on the east, Thailand on the southeast, Bangladesh on the west, and the India on the northwest, with the Andaman Sea to the south, and the Bay of Bengal to the southwest. There are over 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) of coast line.

Government[change | change source]

The country was ruled by a military junta led by General Ne Win from 1962 to 1988. Its political system today stays under the tight control of its military government. In 1992, Senior General Than Shwe began ruling the country. In 2016 Htin Kyaw became the first elected civilian leader.[7] Aung San Suu Kyi, who is prevented from becoming President by the constitution of Myanmar, will act as an advisor to Kyaw.[7]

Origin and history of the name[change | change source]

In 1989, the military junta officially changed the English version of its name from Burma to Myanmar. It also made a new name in English for places in the country, such as its former capital city, from Rangoon to Yangon. The official name of the country in the Burmese language, Myanma did not change, however. The renaming was controversial, seen by some as linguistically bad. Accepting the name change in the English-speaking world has been slow, with many people still using the name Burma to refer to the country. Major news organizations like the BBC still call it Burma. Some question the military junta's authority to "officially" change the name in English in the first place. Aung San Suu Kyi, however, calls the country Myanmar now.

History[change | change source]

Myanmar had a strong kingdom in ancient times, but the nation was taken over by the British in the 1800s. It was occupied by the Empire of Japan in the 1940s. Myanmar became independent in 1948 as the Union of Burma, and had a democratic government at first. However, in 1962, a coup d'état brought the military into power, where it has been ever since. The founder of modern Myanmar, Aung San was assassinated months before independence. His daughter Aung San Suu Kyi was placed under house arrest many times for leading the democracy movement.

In 1991, the military junta agreed to democratic elections, which were won by the National League for Democracy, and should have made Aung San Suu Kyi the Prime Minister. However, the dictatorship ignored the results of the elections and continued ruling. In November 2005, the military government stated that the national capital would be moved from Yangon to a location near Pyinmana, which was renamed Naypyidaw in March 2006.

Since independence in 1948 and the assassination of Aung San Burma has had civil wars between its governments and minority ethnic groups like the Kachin, Karen, Shan and others. These conflicts are known as the Internal conflict in Burma.

National symbols of Myanmar[change | change source]

Land[change | change source]

Map of Myanmar

Today, there are 14 sections. 7 are called states and the other 7 are called divisions.

The divisions are split into townships. The townships are divided into villages and wards.

Largest cities[change | change source]

Photos[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]