Honolulu

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Honolulu
Consolidated city-county
City and County of Honolulu
Clockwise from top: Aerial view of Downtown Honolulu, Pearl Harbor right outside the city, statue of King Kamehameha I in front of Ali'iolani Hale downtown, Diamond Head, waterfront on Waikiki Beach, and Honolulu Hale (City Hall)
Clockwise from top: Aerial view of Downtown Honolulu, Pearl Harbor right outside the city, statue of King Kamehameha I in front of Ali'iolani Hale downtown, Diamond Head, waterfront on Waikiki Beach, and Honolulu Hale (City Hall)
Flag of Honolulu
Flag
Official seal of Honolulu
Seal
Nickname(s): Crossroads of the Pacific
Sheltered Bay
HNL
The Big Pineapple
Town ("Town" is a commonly used local nickname for Honolulu, in reference to the fact that the Honolulu, or "Town" side of the island is the most urbanized and dense part of Oahu.)
Paradise
Motto(s): Haʻaheo No ʻO Honolulu (The Pride of Honolulu)[1]
Location in Honolulu County and the state of Hawaii
Location in Honolulu County and the state of Hawaii
Honolulu is located in Hawaii
Honolulu
Honolulu
Location in Hawaii, United States & Pacific Ocean
Honolulu is located in Pacific Ocean
Honolulu
Honolulu
Honolulu (Pacific Ocean)
Coordinates: 21°18′N 157°49′W / 21.300°N 157.817°W / 21.300; -157.817Coordinates: 21°18′N 157°49′W / 21.300°N 157.817°W / 21.300; -157.817
Country  United States
State  Hawaii
County Flag of Honolulu, Hawaii.svg Honolulu
Incorporated April 30, 1907[2]
Government
 • Mayor Kirk Caldwell (D)
 • Council
Area[3]
 • City 68.4 sq mi (177.2 km2)
 • Land 60.5 sq mi (156.7 km2)
 • Water 7.9 sq mi (20.5 km2)
Elevation 19 ft (6 m)
Population (2010)[4]
 • City 337,256 (55th)
 • Estimate (2017) 359,870[4]
 • Density 5,791/sq mi (2,236.1/km2)
 • Metro 953,207
Demonym(s) Honolulan
Time zone Hawaiian (HST) (UTC−10)
Zip Code 96801-96850
Area code(s) 808
FIPS code 15-17000
GNIS feature ID 366212[5]
Website www.honolulu.gov

Honolulu is the capital city of the U.S. state of Hawaii. It is also the largest city in Hawaii and it has the most important harbor. It is on the south-east shore of the island of Oahu.

Etymology[change | change source]

Honolulu means "sheltered harbor" in the Hawaiian language. No one knows for sure when Honolulu was first settled or when the name was first used.

History[change | change source]

Honolulu harbor was called Kulolia before foreigners came. The first foreigner was Captain William Brown of the English ship Butterworth, in 1794. He named the harbor Fair Haven. Other foreign captains is started calling it Brown's Harbor. The name Honolulu was used some time after that.

Honolulu quickly became the most important harbor of Hawaii. At that time, sandalwood was a big export. Honolulu was also an important supply point for whalers.

Kamehameha III made Honolulu the capital city of the Kingdom of Hawaii in 1850. It was also the capital of the Republic of Hawaii and the Territory of Hawaii. It stayed the capital when Hawaii became a state in 1959.

Notable people[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Honolulu And Kapolei Share City Lights 2005, Honolulu, HI, USA: Honolulu County, Hawaii, November 29, 2005, archived from the original on November 5, 2013, retrieved June 30, 2012 
  2. "About the City, Official Website of the City and County of Honolulu". City and County of Honolulu. City and County of Honolulu. April 24, 2012. Archived from the original on October 12, 2004. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  3. "Geographic Ientifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Urban Honolulu CDP, Hawaii". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved May 25, 2012. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "American FactFinder – Results". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 17, 2016. Retrieved April 16, 2016. 
  5. "Honolulu". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved December 29, 2013.