Jōan (era)

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Jōan (承安) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Kaō and before Angen. This period started in April 1171 and ended in July 1175.[1] The reigning emperor was Takakura-tennō (高倉天皇).[2]

Events of the Jōan era[change | change source]

  • 1172 (Jōan 1, 3rd day of the 1st month): Takakura reached the age of 11 years; and this was marked by coming of age ceremonies.[3]
  • 1171 (Jōan 1, 13th day of the 1st month): Takakura visited the home of former-Emperor Go-Shirakawa. In this setting, he first met Taira no Tokuko (平徳子).[4] She was the adopted daughter of Go-Shirakawa and the actual daughter of Taira no Kiomori. Takakura accepted the 15-year-old girl as his consort.[5]
  • 1171 (Jōan 2, 10th day of the 2nd month): Tokuko became Takakura's secondary empress (chūgo).[6]
  • 1173 (Jōan 3, 1st day of the 4th month): Shinran, founder of Jodo Shinshu, was born.
  • 1174 (Jōan 4, 1st month): The emperor made visits to his father and to his mother.[7]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Jō-an" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 427.
  2. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 195-200; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 330-333; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 212-214.
  3. Titsingh, p. 196; Brown, p. 331.
  4. Later in life, Taira no Tokuko will become known as Kenreimon-in
  5. Titsingh, p. 196.
  6. Kitagawa, H. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p. 783; Titsingh, p. 197.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Titsingh, p. 197.
  8. Titsingh, p. 197; Brown, p. 331.

Other websites[change | change source]

Jōan 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
Gregorian 1171 1172 1173 1174 1175
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by: