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Daidō (大同) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Enryaku and before Kōnin. This period started in May 806 and ended in September 810.[1] During this time, the emperors were Heizei-tennō (平城天皇)[2] and Saga-tennō (嵯峨天皇).[3]

Events of the Daidō era[change | change source]

In Daidō 1, the Buddhist monk Kūkai settled himself in a spiritual retreat at Miyajima
  • 806 (Daidō 1): Kōbō-Daishi (弘法大師), also known as Kūkai (空海), returned to Japan from China;[4] and he settled at Miyajima where he established Daishō-in (大聖院).[5]
  • 9 April 806 (Daidō 1, 17th day of the 3rd month): In the 25th year of Emperor Kammu's reign, he died; and the succession (senso) was received by a his son. Soon after, Emperor Heizei accepted the monarch's role and duties and powers (sokui).[6] This was confirmed in ceremonies.[7]
  • 18 May 809 (Daidō 4, 1st day of the 4th month): In the 4th year of Emperor Heizei's reign, he abdicated. Heizei's successor was his second son who became known as Emperor Saga.[8]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Daidō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 137.
  2. Nussbaum, "Heijō Tennō," p. 305; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 96-97; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 279-280; Varley, H. Paul. Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 151.
  3. Nussbaum, "Saga Tennō," p. 804; Titsingh, pp. 97-102; Brown, pp. 280-282; Varley, p. 152.
  4. Kukai (Japanese Buddhist monk)," Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2014-5-7.
  5. Japan National Tourism Organization (JNTO), "Hiroshima/Miyajima (World Heritage Sites)". Retrieved 2012-5-7.
  6. Titsingh, pp. 95-96; Brown, p. 279.
  7. Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei). Retrieved 2011-12-19.
  8. Titsingh, p. 97; Brown, p. 280.

Other websites[change | change source]

Daidō 1st 2nd 3rd 4th
806 807 808 809
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by: