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Meitoku (明徳) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. year name) of the Northern Court during the Nanboku-chō period after Kōō and before Ōei. This period started in March 1390 and ended in July 1394.[1] After October 1392, Meitoku replaced the Southern Court's nengō (Genchū).[2] The pretender in Kyoto was Emperor Go-Komatsu (後小松天皇, Go-Komatsu-tennō)[3] Go-Komatsu's Southern Court rival in Yoshino until 1392 was Emperor Go-Kameyama (後亀山天皇, Go-Kameyama-tennō)..[4]

Events of Meitoku era[change | change source]

  • 1391 (Meitoku 2): Yamana Ujikyo attacked Kyoto.[5]
  • 1392 (Meitoku 3), also known as Genchū 9: Northern and Southern courts were reunited under Go-Komatsu.[5]

Southern Court nengō[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Meitoku" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 625.
  2. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Genchū" at p. 236.
  3. Nussbaum, "Go-Komatsu Tennō," p. 255; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 317-320.
  4. Nussbaum, "Go-Kameyama Tennō," pp. 254-255.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Ackroyd, Joyce. (1982) Lessons from History: The "Tokushi Yoron", p. 330.
  6. In 1392, the two rival courts were said to be reunited in the era of Meitoku. Genchū 9 became Meitoku 3 when the two courts were reunited.

Other websites[change | change source]

Keichō 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
1390 1391 1392 1393 1394
Preceded by:
Northern Court nengō:
Succeeded by:
Preceded by:
Southern Court nengō:
Succeeded by: