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Ōnin (応仁) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Bunshō and before Bunmei. This period started in March 1467 and ended in April 1469.[1] During this time, the emperor was Go-Tsuchimikado-tennō (後土御門天皇).[2]

Events of the Ōnin era[change | change source]

Stone marker for the Ōnin War

In the Ōnin era, the emperor gave Yoshimasa's villa with a special name -- Higashiyama-dono.,[3] Construction work was interrupted by the Ōnin War.[4]

Ōnin War[change | change source]

The Ōnin War started in 1467. This conflict is called Ōnin no ran because of the nengō in which it began.[5] The fighting began as a dispute over who should follow Ashikaga Yoshimasa as shogun after his retirement – whether it would be his brother (Yoshimi) or his son (Yoshihisa).[3]

Rival groups of daimyo fought for military supremacy. In the end, there was no winner. The war stopped because the factions simply exhausted themselves.[3]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ōnin" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 754.
  2. Nussbaum, "Go-Tsuchimikado Tennō," p. 265; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 352-356.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Varley, H. Paul. (1973). Japanese Culture: A Short History, p. 84.
  4. Keene, Donald. (2003). Yoshimasa and the Silver Pavillion, p. 87.
  5. Nussbaum, "Ōnin no Ran" at p. 754.
  6. Titsingh, p. 354.

Other websites[change | change source]

Keichō 1st 2nd 3rd
1467 1468 1469
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by: