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Ōnin (応仁) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Bunshō and before Bunmei. This period started in March 1467 and ended in April 1469.[1] During this time, the emperor was Go-Tsuchimikado-tennō (後土御門天皇).[2]

Events of the Ōnin era[change | change source]

Stone marker for the Ōnin War

In the Ōnin era, the emperor gave Yoshimasa's villa with a special name -- Higashiyama-dono.,[3] Construction work was interrupted by the Ōnin War.[4]

Ōnin War[change | change source]

The Ōnin War started in 1467. This conflict is called Ōnin no ran because of the nengō in which it began.[1] The fighting began as a dispute over who should follow Ashikaga Yoshimasa as shogun after his retirement – whether it would be his brother (Yoshimi) or his son (Yoshihisa).[3]

Rival groups of daimyo fought for military supremacy. In the end, there was no winner. The war stopped because the factions simply exhausted themselves.[3]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Louis-Frédéric (2005). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 754. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  2. Louis-Frédéric (2005). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. pp. 265, 352–356. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Varley, H. Paul. (1973). Japanese Culture: A Short History, p. 84.
  4. Keene, Donald (2003). Yoshimasa and the Silver Pavilion: The Creation of the Soul of Japan. Columbia University Press. p. 87. ISBN 978-0-231-13056-1.
  5. Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 354.

Other websites[change | change source]

Keichō 1st 2nd 3rd
1467 1468 1469
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by: