Jōkyō (貞享) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, , lit. "year name") after Tenna and before Genroku. This period started in February 1684 and ended in September 1688. During this time, the emperors were Reigen-tennō (霊元天皇) and Higashiyama-tennō (東山天皇).
Events of the Jōkyō era[change | change source]
The new era of Jōkyō gannen (貞享元年) was created by the Imperial court. After 1684, the power to create a calendar shifted to the shogunate. The Tokugawa astrology bureau developed a calendar which was independent of Chinese almanacs.
- 1684 (Jōkyō 1): A fire burned the Imperial palace to ashes; and the reconstruction took a year.
- 26 March 1685 (Jōkyō 2, 22nd day of the 2nd month): The former Emperor Go-Sai died; and a large comet appeared in the night sky.
- 13 April 1686 (Jōkyō 3, 21st day of the 3rd month): Emperor Reigen abdicated; and his younger brother received the succession (senso). Soon after, Emperor Higashiyama's role as monarch was confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).
- 1689 (Jōkyō 6'): Calendar with seven-day week.
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2002). "Jōkyō" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 431.
- Nussbaum, "Reigen Tennō," p. 785.
- Nussbaum, "Higashiyama Tennō," p. 310; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 414-415.
- Murdoch, James. (1996). A History of Japan, pp. 185-186.
- Nussbaum, "Jōkyō-reki," p. 431; Fiévé, Nicolas. Japanese Capitals in Historical Perspective, p. 236.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1956). Kyoto: The Old Capital of Japan, 794–1869, p. 342.
- Calvet, Robert. (2003). Les Japonais, p. 182.
- Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit, p. 186; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 後西天皇 (111); retrieved 2012-5-27.
- Titsingh, p. 415.
- Titsingh, p. 415; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Kunaichō, Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-6-29.
- Cork, Jessica Kennett. (2010). The Lunisolar Calendar: A Sociology of Japanese Time, p. 17.
Other websites[change | change source]
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
|Era or nengō: