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Tenchō (天長) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Kōnin and before Jōwa. This period started in January 824 and ended in January 834.[1] The reigning emperors were Junna-tennō (淳和天皇)[2] and Ninmyō-tennō (仁明天皇).[3]

Events of the Tenchō era[change | change source]

In Tenchō 3, work on the pagoda at To-ji was begun
  • 824 (Tenchō 1): This summer was entirely dry; and prayers for rain were offered by the Buddhist priest Kūkai (also known as Kōbō-Daishi). Those prayers seemed to be answered when it did rain.[4]
  • 825 (Tenchō 2, 11th month): The former-Emperor Saga celebrated his 40th birthday.[6]
  • 826 (Tenchō 3, 11th month): Kūkai advises the emperor to build a pagoda near To-ji in Kyoto.[7]

This era is part of Kōnin-jōgan, which is a historical period from 810 to 877. The importance of Buddhism and the arts was notable during this time.[8]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tenchō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 958.
  2. Nussbaum, "Junna Tennō," p. 437.
  3. Nussbaum, "Nimmyō Tennō," p. 714; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 103-106; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp.282-283; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 164.
  4. Titsingh, p. 103.
  5. Titsingh, p. 103; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 平城天皇 (51); retrieved 2011-12-27.
  6. Titsingh, p. 104.
  7. Titsingh, p. 105.
  8. Nussbaum, "Kōnin-jōgan" at p. 557.

Other websites[change | change source]

Tenchō 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th
824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by: