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Tenna (天和) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Enpō and before Jōkyō. This period started in September 1681 and ended in February 1684.[1] During this time, the emperor was Reigen-tennō (霊元天皇).[2]

The nengō Tenna means "Peace of Heaven".[3]

Events of the Tenna era[change | change source]

In the 3rd year of Tenna, Mitusi opens for business on Surugacho (Suruga Street) in Edo
  • 5 February 1681 (Tenna 1, 28th day of the 12th month): The Great Tenna Fire in Edo.[5]
  • 1681 (Tenna 2): A famine afflicts Heian-kyō and the nearby areas.[5]
  • 1683 (Tenna 3): Tokugawa shogunate grants permission for Mitsui money exchanges (ryōgaeten) to open in Edo.[6]

In Tenna, the first book was written about the coins of Japan. The work was entitled Classified Collection of Coins (Kwacho Kuien).[8]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric.. (2005). "Tenna," Japan Encyclopedia, p. 959.
  2. Nussbaum, "Reigen Tennō," p. 785; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 414-415.
  3. Jenkins, Donald. (1971). Ukiyo-e Prints and Paintings: the Primitive Period, 1680-1745, p. 21.
  4. Titsingh, p. 414.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Titsingh, p. 415.
  6. Hiroshi Shinjō. (1962). History of the Yen: 100 Years of Japanese Money-economy, p. 11.
  7. Bodart-Bailey, Beatrice. (2006). The Dog Shogun: The Personality and Policies of Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, p. 183.
  8. Munro, Neil Gordon. (1904). The Coins of Japan, p. xviii.

Other websites[change | change source]

Tenna 1st 2nd 3rd 4th
1681 1682 1683 1684
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by: