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Tengyō (天慶) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. "year name") after Jōhei and before Tenryaku. This period spanned the years from May 938[1] through April 947.[2] The reigning emperors were Suzaku-tennō (朱雀天皇) and Murakami-tennō (村上天皇).[3]

Events of the Tengyō era[change | change source]

  • 6 April 938 (Tengyō 1, 4th day of the 3rd month): Ten pairs of roosters were matched-up in cockfights before the emperor.[4]
  • 938 (Tengyō 1, 4th month): Many small earthquakes were felt in Heian-kyo from the 10th through the 29th days of this month.[4]
  • 939 (Tengyō 1, 1st month): Fujiwara no Tadahira celebrated his 60th birthday.[4]
  • 939 (Tengyō 2, 5th month): Fujiwara no Tsunesuke died.[4]
  • 939 (Tengyō 2, 12th month): Taira no Masakado led a armed revolt which is known as Tengyō no Ran (天慶の乱)[5]
  • 941 (Tengyō 4, 7th month) : Fujiwara no Sumitomo died
  • 941 (Tengyō 4, 11th month): Tadahira was made kampaku.[6]
  • 944 (Tengyō 7, 11th month): Fujiwara no Saneyori, the eldest son of Tadahira, was named Minister of the Right (udaijin).[6]
  • 945 (Tengyō 8, 11th month): The Fujiwara no Nakahira died at age 71. He had held the office of Minister of the Left (sadaijin).[6]
  • 16 May 946 (Tengyō 9, 13th day of the 4th month): In the 16th year of the reign of Suzaku, the emperor abdicated; and the succession (senso) was received by his younger brother, Nariakira-shinnō.[7]
  • 31 May 946 (Tengyō 9, 28th day of the 4th month): Emperor Murakami's role as monarch was confirmed by ceremonies (the sokui).[8]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Jōhei" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 429.
  2. Nussbaum, "Tenryaku" at p. 961.
  3. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 134-155; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 294-295; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 181-183.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Titsingh, p. 136.
  5. Nussbaum, "Jōhei Tengyō no Ran" at p. 429.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Titsingh, p. 138.
  7. Brown, p. 295; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-5-22.
  8. Titsingh, p. 139.

Other websites[change | change source]

Tengyō 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th
938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946 947
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by: