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Kaei (嘉永) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Kōka and before Ansei. This period started in February 1848 and ended in November 1854.[1] During this time, the emperor was Kōmei-tennō (孝明天皇).[2]

The nengō Kaei means "Celebration of Eternity"[3] or "Eternal Felicity"[4]

Events of the Kaei Era[change | change source]

Coins minted during the Kaei era
  • 1849 (Kaei 2): Medical practice of vaccination first used by Dutch physician at Dejima.[5]
  • 2 May 1854 (Kaei 7, the 6th day of the 4th month): Fire destroyed the Imperial Palace in Kyoto.[8]

During the Kaei era, the shogunate bought guns and encouraged the manufacture of guns.[9]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kaei" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 444.
  2. Nussbaum, "Kōmei Tennō," p. 553.
  3. Keene, Donald. (1999). Dawn to the West: Japanese Literature of the Modern Era; Poetry, Drama, Criticsm, p. 393.
  4. Satow, Ernest Mason. (1905). Japan 1853-1864, Or, Genji Yume Monogatari, p. 11.
  5. Whitney, Willis Norton. (1885). "Notes on the history of medical progress in Japan", Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan, pp. 839-843.
  6. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1956). Kyoto: The Old Capital of Japan, 794-1869, p. 323.
  7. Sewall, John. (1905). The Logbook of the Captain's Clerk: Adventures in the China Seas, p. lxiv; Cullen, Louis M. (2003). A History of Japan, 1582-1941: Internal and External Worlds, p. 178 n11.
  8. Ponsonby-Fane, p. 323; Satow, pp. 9-10.
  9. Masúda, Norimoto et al. (1922). Military Industries of Japan, p. 13.

Other websites[change | change source]

Kaei 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th
1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by: