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Hōreki (宝暦), also known as Horyaku,[1] was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Kan'en and before Meiwa. The period started in October 1751 and ended in June 1764.[2] During this time, the emperor and emperess were Momozono-tennō (桃園天皇)[3] and Go-Sakuramachi-tennō (後桜町天皇).[4]

The nengō Hōreki means "Valuable Calendar" or "Valuable Almanac".[5] This time frame was created by Emperor Momozono in 1754.

Events of the Hōreki era[change | change source]

The previous era ended in 1751 (Kan'en 4, 27th day of the 10th month); however, this nengō was created years later. By Imperial command, the era was re-named on December 2, 1754, which then became 19th day of the 10th month of the 4th year of Hōreki.[5]

Grave of Takenaka Denroku who killed himself in the Hōreki era because of problems with the Kizo River flood control project
  • 1754 (Hōreki 4): Shimazu clan was ordered to complete Kizo River flood control project[7]
  • 31 August 1762 (Hōreki 12, 12th day of the 7th month): Former-Emperor Momozono died.[14]
  • 1763 (Hōreki 13): A merchant association handling Korean ginseng is founded in the Kanda district of Edo.[15]
  • 1764 (Hōreki 14): Sweet potatoes are exported from Edo to Korea. The food crop in Korea is the result of a diplomatic mission.[16]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Pnkala, Maria. (1980) A survey of Japanese ceramics: a handbook for the collector, p. 245.
  2. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hōreki" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 352.
  3. Nussbaum, "Momozono Tennō," p. 656.
  4. Nussbaum, "Tennō," pp. 962-963; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 418.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1956). Kyoto: the Old Capital of Japan, 794-1869, p. 321.
  6. Titsingh, p. 418.
  7. Yamamoto, Shūgorō et al. (2006). The Flower Mat, p. 13; Japan Water Agency, Nagara Estuary Barrage Operation and Maintenance Office, "Flood Control During the Horeki Period" retrieved 2011-12-13.
  8. Nussbaum, "Abe Yasukuni" at p. 4.
  9. Nussbaum, "Shibukawa Shunkai" at p. 850.
  10. Nussbaum, "Hōreki Kōjutsu Genreki" at p. 352.
  11. Nussbaum, "Hōreki Jiken" at p. 352.
  12. Titsingh, p. 419.
  13. Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit, pp. 49; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Kunaichō, Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-6-30.
  14. Meyer, p. 186; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 桃園天皇 (116); retrieved 2012-5-27.
  15. Hall, John Whitney. (1988). The Cambridge History of Japan, p. xxiii.
  16. Kim, Jinwung. (2012). A History of Korea: From 'Land of the Morning Calm' to States in Conflict, p. 255.

Other websites[change | change source]

Hōreki 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th
1751 1752 1753 1754 1755 1756 1757 1758 1759 1760 1761 1762 1763 1764
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by: