Hōreki (宝暦), also known as Horyaku, was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Kan'en and before Meiwa. The period started in October 1751 and ended in June 1764. During this time, the emperor and emperess were Momozono-tennō (桃園天皇) and Go-Sakuramachi-tennō (後桜町天皇).
Events of the Hōreki era[change | change source]
The previous era ended in 1751 (Kan'en 4, 27th day of the 10th month); however, this nengō was created years later. By Imperial command, the era was re-named on December 2, 1754, which then became 19th day of the 10th month of the 4th year of Hōreki.
- 1754 (Hōreki 4): Shimazu clan was ordered to complete Kizo River flood control project
- 1755 (Hōreki 5): Calendar reform by Abe Yasukuni, Shibukawa Kōkyō and Nishiyama Seikyū is named Horiki Kojutsu Gen-reki (Hōryaku calendar)
- 1758 (Hōreki 8): Takenouchi Shikibu and others taught Confucianism and martial arts to the emperor in Kyoto.
- 1760 (Hōreki 10): Shogun Tokugawa Ieshige resigned and his son, Tokugawa Ieharu, became the 10th shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate.
- 1762 (Hōreki 12): Emperor Momozono abdicated; and the succession passed to his sister (senso). Soon after, Empress Go-Sakuramachi's role as monarch was confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).
- 31 August 1762 (Hōreki 12, 12th day of the 7th month): Former-Emperor Momozono died.
- 1763 (Hōreki 13): A merchant association handling Korean ginseng is founded in the Kanda district of Edo.
- 1764 (Hōreki 14): Sweet potatoes are exported from Edo to Korea. The food crop in Korea is the result of a diplomatic mission.
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Pnkala, Maria. (1980) A survey of Japanese ceramics: a handbook for the collector, p. 245.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hōreki" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 352.
- Nussbaum, "Momozono Tennō," p. 656.
- Nussbaum, "Tennō," pp. 962-963; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 418.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1956). Kyoto: the Old Capital of Japan, 794-1869, p. 321.
- Titsingh, p. 418.
- Yamamoto, Shūgorō et al. (2006). The Flower Mat, p. 13; Japan Water Agency, Nagara Estuary Barrage Operation and Maintenance Office, "Flood Control During the Horeki Period" retrieved 2011-12-13.
- Nussbaum, "Abe Yasukuni" at p. 4.
- Nussbaum, "Shibukawa Shunkai" at p. 850.
- Nussbaum, "Hōreki Kōjutsu Genreki" at p. 352.
- Nussbaum, "Hōreki Jiken" at p. 352.
- Titsingh, p. 419.
- Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit, pp. 49; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Kunaichō, Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-6-30.
- Meyer, p. 186; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 桃園天皇 (116); retrieved 2012-5-27.
- Hall, John Whitney. (1988). The Cambridge History of Japan, p. xxiii.
- Kim, Jinwung. (2012). A History of Korea: From 'Land of the Morning Calm' to States in Conflict, p. 255.
Other websites[change | change source]
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
|Era or nengō: