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Jian (治安) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name"), also known as Chi'an, after Kannin and before Manju. This period started in February 1021 and ended in July 1024. The reigning emperor was Go-Ichijō-tennō (後一条天皇).
Events of the Jian era[change | change source]
- 1023 (Jian 3, 4th month): A major epidemic in Kyoto; disease spread throughout the country.
- 1023 (Jian 3, 10th month): Fujiwara no Michinaga visited Mount Koya.
- 29 December 1023 (Jian 3, 14th day of the 11th month): a lunar eclipse.
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kannin" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 474.
- Nussbaum. "Manjū" at p. 607.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 156-159; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 307-310; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 195-196.
- Dykstra, Yoshiko Kurata. (2001). The Konjaku Tales: from a Medieval Japanese Collection, Vol. 2, p. 13.
- Horton, Sarah J. (2007). Living Buddhist Statues in Early Medieval and Modern Japan, p. 143.
- Nihon Kiristokyō Kyōgikai. (2001). Japanese Religions, Vols. 26-27, pp. 34-35.
- Pankenier, David. (1999). Archaeoastronomy in East Asia: Historical Observational Records of Comets and Meteor Showers from China, Japan, and Korea, p. 89.
Other websites[change | change source]
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
|Era or nengō: