Tenshō (Momoyama period)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Tenshō (天正) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year" name) after Genki and before Bunroku. This period started in July 1573 and ended in December 1592.[1] During this time, the emperors were Ōgimachi-tennō (正親町天皇)[2] and Go-Yōzei-tennō (後陽成天皇).[3]

The nengō Tenshō means "Heavenly Virtue".[4]

Events of the Tenshō era[change | change source]

Gold coins minted during Tenshō era

Oda Nobunaga suggested that a new era should begin in 1573.[5] The general meaning of Tenshō was "heavenly righteousness".[6]

In 1589-1590 (in the 23rd year of the reign of King Seonjo of Joseon), a diplomatic mission led by Hwang Yun-gil was sent to Japan.[22] The Joseon ambassador was received by Hideyoshi.[23]

The Tenshō era as shown in a Japnese classic film

In popular culture[change | change source]

The fictional plot of the classic Akira Kurosawa film The Seven Samurai takes place in the 15th year of Tenshō.[24]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 961. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  2. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 739. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  3. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 265. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  4. Andrew Mark Watsky (2004). Chikubushima: Deploying the Sacred Arts in Momoyama Japan. University of Washington Press. p. 24. ISBN 978-0-295-98327-1.
  5. Jansen, Marius B. (2002). The Making of Modern Japan. Harvard University Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-674-03910-0.
  6. Hall, John W.; Hall, John Whitney; Brown, Delmer M.; Jansen, Marius B.; McCullough, William H.; Kanai, Madoka; Shively, Donald H.; Yamamura, Kozo; Duus, Peter (1988). The Cambridge History of Japan. Cambridge University Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-521-22355-3.
  7. Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 389.
  8. Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 391.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1962). Studies in Shinto and Shrines, p.462.
  10. Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 395.
  11. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 446. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  12. McKelway, Matthew P. (2006). Capitalscapes: Folding Screens And Political Imagination in Late Medieval Kyoto. University of Hawaii Press. p. 164. ISBN 978-0-8248-2900-1.
  13. Cooper, Michael. "When Four Boys Went to Meet the Pope, 400 Years Ago," Japan Times. 21 February 1982; retrieved 2011-12-7.
  14. Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 398.
  15. Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 399.
  16. Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 401.
  17. Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 402.
  18. Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 402.
  19. 19.0 19.1 Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 402.
  20. Munro, Neil Gordon (1904). Coins of Japan. Box of curios printing and publishing Company. p. 80.
  21. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 961. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  22. Rutt, Richard et al. (2003). Korea: a Historical and Cultural Dictionary, p. 190.
  23. Kang, Etsuko Hae-Jin (1997). Diplomacy and Ideology in Japanese-Korean Relations: From the Fifteenth to the Eighteenth Century. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 275. ISBN 978-0-312-17370-8.
  24. Galloway, Patrick (2005). Stray Dogs & Lone Wolves: The Samurai Film Handbook. Stone Bridge Press. p. 71. ISBN 978-1-880656-93-8.

Other websites[change | change source]


Tenshō 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th
1573 1574 1575 1576 1577 1578 1579 1580 1581 1582 1583 1584 1585 1586 1587 1588 1589 1590 1591 1592
Preceded by:
Genki
Era or nengō:
Tenshō
Succeeded by:
Bunroku