Hōgen (era)

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Hōgen (保元) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Kyūju and before Heiji. This period started in April 1156 and ended in April 1159.[1] The reigning emperors were Emperor Go-Shirakawa-tennō (後白河天皇) and Emperor Nijō-tennō (二条天皇).[2]

Events of the Hōgen era[change | change source]

  • 20 July 1156 (Hōgen 1, 2nd day of the 7th month): Former-Emperor Toba died at age 54.[3]
  • 28 July–16 August 1156 (Hōgen 1, 10th-29th days of the 7th month): The Hōgen Rebellion,[4] also known as the Hōgen Insurrection or the Hōgen War.
  • 1156 (Hōgen 1, 9th month): A special building was constructed in Kyoto, where—as in the days of Emperor Go-Sanjo, requests and complaints were received and examined.[5]
  • 1157 (Hōgen 2, 10th month): The foundations are laid for a grand audience hall (dairi) in the palace. Three had not been such a structure within the palace compound since the time of Emperor Shirakawa.[5]
  • 6 August 1158 (Hōgen 3, 11th day of the 8th month): In the 3rd year of Go-Shirakawa's reign, the emperor abdicated. The succession (senso) was received by his eldest son.[6]
  • 1158 (Hōgen 4, 8th month): Emperor Nijō is officially established as monarch (sokui).[7]

The Tale of Hōgen is about this era. The work tells the story of the samurai who were part of the Hōgen Rebellion. Along with the Tale of Heiji[8] and the Tale of Heike, these three war stories tell about the rise and fall of the Minamoto clan and the Taira clan.[9]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hōgen" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 339.
  2. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des emepereurs du japon, pp. 188-194; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 326-329; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 205-212.
  3. Brown, p. 321; Kitagawa, H. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p. 783; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 鳥羽天皇 (74); retrieved 2012-5-22.
  4. Kitagawa, p. 783.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Titsingh, p. 190.
  6. Titsingh, p. 190; Brown, p. 327; Varley, p. 44, 209; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Kunaichō, Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-5-22.
  7. Titsingh, p. 191.
  8. In the name "Heiji Rebellion," the noun "Heiji" refers to the Japanese era name after "Hōgen" and before "Eiryaku." In other words, the Heiji Rebellion occurred during Heiji, which was a time period spanning the years from 1159 through 1160.
  9. Kitagawa, Hiroshi. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, pp. xiv-xix; forward by Edward Seidensticker.

Other websites[change | change source]

Hōgen 1st 2nd 3rd 4th
Gregorian 1156 1157 1158 1159
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by: