Jōwa (Heian period)
Jōwa (承和) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Tenchō and before Kashō. This period started in January 834 and ended in July 848. During this time, the emperors were Junna-tennō (淳和天皇) and Ninmyō-tennō (仁明天皇).
Events of the Jōwa era[change | change source]
- 834 (Jōwa 1): Emperor Ninmyō planted a cherry tree near the shishinden to replace the tree Emperor Kammu planted when the capital of Japan was moved to Heian-kyō (Kyoto).
- 11 June 840 (Jōwa 7, 8th day of the 5th month): Former-Emperor Junna died at the age of 55.
- 841 (Jōwa 8, 11th month): A broom star was seen in the west.
Coins minted from 835 to 847 were known as Jōwa-shōhō.
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Jōwa" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 434.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales empereurs du Japon, pp. 106-111; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 284; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 164-165.
- Nussbaum, "Jōwa no Hen" at p. 434.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1956). Kyoto: the Old Capital of Japan, p. 63.
- Kukai. (1972). Kūkai: Major Works (S. Hakeda, editor), p. 59.
- Brown, p. 284; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 淳和天皇 (53); retrieved 2011-12-27.
- Pankenier, David et al. (2008). Archaeoastronomy in East Asia: Historical Observational Records of Comets and Meteor Showers from China, Japan, and Korea, p. 98.
- Brown, p. 282; Varley, p. 163; Kunaichō, 嵯峨天皇 (52); retrieved 2012-5-22.
- Nussbaum, "Nihon Kōki" at p. 709.
- Nussbaum, "Jōwa-shōhō" at p. 434.
Other websites[change | change source]
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
|Era or nengō: