War in Afghanistan (2001–present)

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War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
Part of the larger Afghanistan conflict, and
the Global War on Terrorism
2001 War in Afghanistan collage 3.jpg
Clockwise from top-left: British Royal Marines take part in the clearance of Nad-e Ali District of Helmand Province; two F/A-18 strike fighters conduct combat missions over Afghanistan; an anti-Taliban fighter during an operation to secure a compound in Helmand Province; a French chasseur alpin patrols a valley in Kapisa Province; U.S. Marines prepare to board buses shortly after arriving in southern Afghanistan; Taliban fighters in a cave hideout; U.S. soldiers prepare to fire a mortar during a mission in Paktika Province, U.S. troops disembark from a helicopter, a MEDCAP centre in Khost Province.
(For a map of the current military situation in Afghanistan, see here.)
Date7 October 2001 – present
(18 years, 4 weeks and 1 day)
Location
Status
Belligerents
Invasion (2001):
Afghanistan Northern Alliance
 United States
 United Kingdom
Canada Canada
 Australia
 Germany[1]
Invasion (2001):
Afghanistan Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
al-Qaeda
055 Brigade[2][3]
IMU[4]
TNSM[5]
ETIM[6]

ISAF phase (2001–14):
Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Afghanistan[7]
ISAF
 United States
 United Kingdom
Canada
 Australia
 Italy
 Germany
 Georgia
 Jordan
 Turkey
 Bulgaria
 Poland
 Romania
 Spain
 Czech Republic


RS phase (from 2015):
Resolute Support[9]
 United States
 Italy
 Germany
 Georgia
 Turkey
 Romania
 United Kingdom
 Australia
 Czech Republic
 Poland

ISAF/RS Phase (from 2001):
Afghanistan Taliban

al-Qaeda
Allied groups:


Afghanistan Taliban splinter groups


ISIL–KP[source?] (since 2015)

Allied groups:

Commanders and leaders
Afghanistan Hamid Karzai
Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani
United States Donald Trump
United Kingdom Theresa May
Australia Scott Morrison
Italy Giuseppe Conte
Germany Angela Merkel
John F. Campbell
List of former ISAF Commanders

Afghanistan Mohammed Omar 
Afghanistan Akhtar Mansoor 
Afghanistan Abdul Ghani Baradar (POW)[20]
Afghanistan Hibatullah Akhundzada[12]
Afghanistan Jalaluddin Haqqani [21]
Afghanistan Obaidullah Akhund [20]
Afghanistan Dadullah Akhund [20]
Gulbuddin Hekmatyar
Flag of Jihad.svg Osama bin Laden 
Flag of Jihad.svg Ayman al-Zawahiri


Afghanistan Muhammad Rasul  (POW)[15]
Haji Najibullah[22]
Strength

Afghanistan Afghan National Security Forces: 352,000[23]
Resolute Support Mission: ~17,000[24]

Military Contractors: 20,000+[25]

Afghanistan Taliban: 60,000
(tentative estimate)[26]

HIG: 1,500–2,000+[30]
Flag of Jihad.svg al-Qaeda: ~300[31][32][33] (~ 3,000 in 2001)[31]


Afghanistan IEHCA: 3,000–3,500[15]
Fidai Mahaz: 8,000[22]


Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant ISIL–KP: 3,500–4,000 (2018, in Afghanistan)[34]
Casualties and losses

Afghan security forces:
62,000+ killed[35][36][37]
Northern Alliance:
200 killed[38][39][40][41][42]
Coalition
Dead: 3,561
(United States: 2,419, United Kingdom: 456,[43] Canada: 158, France: 89, Germany: 57, Italy: 53, Others: 321)[source?]
Wounded: 22,773 (United States: 19,950, United Kingdom: 2,188, Canada: 635)[44][45][46]
Contractors
Dead: 3,937[47][48]
Wounded: 15,000+[47][48]

Total killed: 69,698+ killed[35]

Taliban: 60,000–65,000+ killed[35][26][49][50][37]
al-Qaeda: 2,000+ killed[31]


ISIL–KP: 2,400+ killed[51]
Civilians killed: 38,480+ killed[52][53]

a The continued list includes nations who have contributed fewer than 200 troops as of November 2014.[54]

b The continued list includes nations who have contributed fewer than 200 troops as of May 2017.[55]
UK and US forces in Afghanistan in 2006

The War in Afghanistan refers to a war waged by the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, The Netherlands, Australia and other countries against the Taliban and Al-Qaeda. In 2016 the last NATO troops were withdrawn. 1908 NATO soldiers were killed in Afghanistan: 1,162 American, 313 British and 433 Other Coalition countries' soldiers were killed in this war. More than 15,000 Coalition soldiers were wounded: 6,773 US,[56] 3,954 UK,[57][58] 1,500 Canadian[59] and over 2,500 other Coalition soldiers. 5,500 Afghan army soldiers and 200 Northern Alliance militants were killed in this war. 378 US civilian contractors were killed and 7,224. British troops left Afghanistan in 2015, after 5 years of training the Afghanistan police to deal with threats from the Taliban.[60]

Formal cessation took place on 28 December 2014 via a ceremony in the city of Kabul thus ending the 13 year long war.[61][62] Thousands of American and other troops continued helping the Afghan government until December 31, 2016 when they were withdrawn. After security deteriorated, American soldiers returned and over 10,000 were in the country at the end of 2017.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Operation Enduring Freedom Fast Facts". CNN. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  2. "The elite force who are ready to die". the Guardian. 27 October 2001.
  3. Neville, Leigh, Special Forces in the War on Terror (General Military), Osprey Publishing, 2015 ISBN 978-1472807908, p.48
  4. "Pakistan's 'fanatical' Uzbek militants". BBC. 11 June 2014.
  5. "Pakistan's militant Islamic groups". BBC. 13 January 2002.
  6. "Evaluating the Uighur Threat". the long war journal. 9 October 2008.
  7. Start of the Taliban insurgency after the fall of the Taliban regime.
  8. "Role of Pakistan in afghan war".
  9. "News – Resolute Support Mission". Retrieved 4 October 2015.
  10. "Forget Nato v the Taliban. The real Afghan fight is India v Pakistan". 26 June 2013. Retrieved 16 January 2017 – via The Guardian.
  11. "Taliban storm Kunduz city". The Long War Journal. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  12. 12.0 12.1 The Taliban's new leadership is allied with al Qaeda, The Long War Journal, 31 July 2015
  13. "Central Asian groups split over leadership of global jihad". The Long War Journal. 24 August 2015. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  14. Rod Nordland; Jawad Sukhanyar; Taimoor Shah (19 June 2017). "Afghan Government Quietly Aids Breakaway Taliban Faction". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 Matthew DuPée (January 2018). "Red on Red: Analyzing Afghanistan's Intra-Insurgency Violence". Combating Terrorism Center. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
  16. "Uzbek militants in Afghanistan pledge allegiance to ISIS in beheading video". khaama.com.
  17. "Who is Lashkar-e-Jhangvi?". Voanews.com. 25 October 2016. Retrieved 2 June 2017.
  18. "ISIS 'OUTSOURCES' TERROR ATTACKS TO THE PAKISTANI TALIBAN IN AFGHANISTAN: U.N. REPORT". Newsweek. 15 August 2017.
  19. Scott, Shane (22 June 2008). "Inside a 9/11 Mastermind's Interrogation". The New York Times.
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 "'Afghan Taliban leader Mullah Omar is dead'". The Express Tribune. 29 July 2015. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  21. "'The Kennedys of the Taliban movement' lose their patriarch". NBC News. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  22. 22.0 22.1 "Mullah Najibullah: Too Radical for the Taliban". Newsweek. 30 August 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  23. "The Afghan National Security Forces Beyond 2014: Will They Be Ready?" (PDF). Centre for Security Governance. February 2014.
  24. https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_8189.htm
  25. name="wsws"
  26. 26.0 26.1 Akmal Dawi. "Despite Massive Taliban Death Toll No Drop in Insurgency". Voanews.com. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  27. Rassler, Don; Vahid Brown (14 July 2011). "The Haqqani Nexus and the Evolution of al-Qaida" (PDF). Harmony Program. Combating Terrorism Center. Retrieved 2 August 2011.
  28. Reuters. "Sirajuddin Haqqani dares US to attack N Waziristan, by Reuters, Published: September 24, 2011". Tribune. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
  29. Perlez, Jane (14 December 2009). "Rebuffing U.S., Pakistan Balks at Crackdown". The New York Times.
  30. "Afghanistan after the Western Drawdown". Google books. 16 January 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 "In Afghanistan, al-Qaeda is working more closely with the Taliban, Pentagon says". the Washington post. 6 May 2016.
  32. Bill Roggio (26 April 2011). "How many al Qaeda operatives are now left in Afghanistan? – Threat Matrix". Longwarjournal.org. Archived from the original on 6 July 2014. Retrieved 10 April 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  33. "Al Qaeda in Afghanistan Is Attempting A Comeback". The Huffington Post. 21 October 2012. Archived from the original on 10 December 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  34. http://undocs.org/S/2018/705
  35. 35.0 35.1 35.2 Rod Nordland; Mujib Mashal (26 January 2019). "U.S. and Taliban Edge Toward Deal to End America's Longest War". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  36. "War-related Death, Injury, and Displacement in Afghanistan and Pakistan 2001–2014" (PDF). brown.edu. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  37. 37.0 37.1 New Year May Bring Renewed War to Afghanistan
    Over 2,500 Afghan soldiers killed from Jan-May: US report
    "'It's a Massacre': Blast in Kabul Deepens Toll of a Long War". New York Times. 27 January 2018.
  38. "Scores Killed in Fresh Kunduz Fighting". Foxnews.com. 26 November 2001. Retrieved 2 October 2008.
  39. Morello, Carol; Loeb, Vernon (6 December 2001). "Friendly fire kills 3 GIs". Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2 October 2008.
  40. Terry McCarthy/Kunduz (18 November 2001). "A Volatile State of Siege After a Taliban Ambush". Time. Archived from the original on 30 May 2012. Retrieved 2 October 2008. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  41. John Pike (9 December 2001). "VOA News Report". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 9 February 2010.
  42. "US Bombs Wipe Out Farming Village". Rawa.org. Retrieved 9 February 2010.
  43. UK military deaths in Afghanistan
  44. OPERATION ENDURING FREEDOM (OEF) U.S. CASUALTY STATUS FATALITIES as of: December 30, 2014, 10 a.m. EDT Archived 6 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  45. "Number of Afghanistan UK Military and Civilian casualties (7 October 2001 to 30 November 2014)" (PDF). www.gov.uk. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  46. "Over 2,000 Canadians were wounded in Afghan mission: report". National Post. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
  47. 47.0 47.1 "U.S. Department of Labor – Office of Workers' Compensation Programs (OWCP) – Defense Base Act Case Summary by Nation". Dol.gov. Retrieved 2 August 2011.
  48. 48.0 48.1 T. Christian Miller (23 September 2009). "U.S. Government Private Contract Worker Deaths and Injuries". Projects.propublica.org. Retrieved 2 August 2011.
  49. Iraj. "Deadliest Year for the ANSF: Mohammadi". Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  50. 7,000 killed (2015),[1] 18,500 killed (2016),[2] total of 25,500 reported killed in 2015–16
  51. Seldin, Jeff (18 November 2017). "Afghan Officials: Islamic State Fighters Finding Sanctuary in Afghanistan". VOA News. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  52. Daniel Brown (9 November 2018). "The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have killed at least 500,000 people, according to a new report that breaks down the toll". Business Insider. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  53. Crawford, Neta (August 2016). "Update on the Human Costs of War for Afghanistan and Pakistan, 2001 to mid-2016" (PDF). brown.edu. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  54. "International Security Assistance Force (ISAF): Key Facts and Figures" (PDF).
  55. "Resolute Support Mission (RSM): Key Facts and Figures" (PDF).
  56. "US casualties" (PDF). United States Department of Defense.
  57. "Op Herrick".
  58. http://www.mod.uk/NR/rdonlyres/03645441-065E-4E0A-9F62-B8AEBDAC8151/0/opherrickcasualtytablesto15june2010.pdf
  59. Wark, Bruce. "1,580 Canadian soldiers injured and killed in Afghanistan". The Coast Halifax.
  60. "U.S. Department of Labor - Office of Workers' Compensation Programs (OWCP) - Division of Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation (DLHWC) -". dol.gov.
  61. "U.S. formally ends the war in Afghanistan" (online). CBA News. Associated Press. 28 December 2014. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  62. "US and Nato formally end war in Afghanistan with Kabul ceremony". The Guardian.