COVID-19 pandemic in Canada

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COVID-19 pandemic in Canada
COVID-19 Outbreak Active Cases in Canada (Pop Density).svg
Active cases per million inhabitants by province/territory
COVID-19 outbreak Canada per capita cases map.svg
Confirmed cases per 100,000 residents by health region
DiseaseCOVID-19
LocationCanada
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
Index caseToronto, Ontario
Arrival dateJanuary 22, 2020[1]
(8 months, 3 weeks and 2 days)
DateSeptember 9, 2020
Confirmed cases134,294[2]
Active cases6,868[2]
Recovered118,271[2]
Deaths
9,155[2]
Fatality rate6.82%
Government website
canada.ca/coronavirus

The COVID-19 pandemic in Canada is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).

The beginning[change | change source]

The disease was confirmed to have reached Canada on January 27, 2020, after a man who had returned to Toronto from Wuhan, Hubei, China, tested positive. As of September 10, 2020, there have been over 134,000 confirmed cases, 118,000 recoveries and 9,000 deaths in the country.[2] The Government of Canada says that around 11,000–22,000 deaths could happen over the course of the pandemic.[3]

Cases[change | change source]

Most of those cases are in Canada's most populous provinces, Ontario (19,598 cases, 1,540 deaths)[4] and Quebec (36,150 cases, 2,725 deaths).[5]

Confirmed cases have been reported in all of Canada's provinces and territories, with the exception of Nunavut. An additional 13 cases involve citizens from the Grand Princess cruise ship.[6][7][8][9]

Among the Canadians who contracted the virus was Sophie Grégoire Trudeau, wife of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who tested positive for the virus on March 12 after which the family went into self-isolation.[10][11] By March 28, she had recovered.[12][13]

Spread[change | change source]

Until March, all cases were linked to recent travel to a country with a large number of cases. The first case of community transmission in Canada was confirmed in British Columbia on March 5,[14] and Toronto's chief health officer announced on March 16 that there is "some evidence of community transmission" (that the disease was spreading within the country).[15]

Closures[change | change source]

In mid March, as cases of community transmission were confirmed, all of Canada's provinces and territories declared states of emergency. Provinces and territories made school and daycare shutdown, ended on gatherings, closed non-essential businesses, restrictions on entry, and mandatory self-isolation for travellers.[16]

Canada severely restricted its border access.

References[change | change source]

  1. Marchand-Senécal, Xavier; Kozak, Rob; Mubareka, Samira; Salt, Natasha; Gubbay, Jonathan B; Eshaghi, Alireza; Allen, Vanessa; Li, Yan; Bastien, Natalie; Gilmour, Matthew; Ozaldin, Omar; Leis, Jerome A (March 9, 2020). "Diagnosis and Management of First Case of COVID-19 in Canada: Lessons applied from SARS". Clinical Infectious Diseases. ciaa227. doi:10.1093/cid/ciaa227. Retrieved May 9, 2020.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): Outbreak update". Government of Canada. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
  3. "COVID-19 in Canada: Using data and modelling to inform public health action" (PDF). Government of Canada. Public Health Agency of Canada. April 9, 2020. Retrieved April 10, 2020.
  4. "COVID-19 (coronavirus) in Ontario". Government of Ontario. May 8, 2020. Retrieved May 9, 2020.
  5. "Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Québec". Gouvernement du Québec. May 8, 2020. Retrieved May 9, 2020.
  6. Rosen, Kayla (March 12, 2020). "First presumptive case of COVID-19 confirmed in Manitoba". CTV News Winnipeg. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  7. "Canada has reported more than 100 cases of novel coronavirus disease". Global News. March 11, 2020. Archived from the original on March 12, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2020. This brings the total to 110 as of March 11
  8. "Saskatchewan confirms first presumptive case of novel coronavirus". Global News. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  9. Ho, Solarina; Slaughter, Graham (March 13, 2020). "Tracking every case of COVID-19 in Canada". Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  10. Harris, Kathleen (March 12, 2020). "Trudeau, wife Sophie in self-isolation awaiting COVID-19 test as premiers conference is called off". CBC News. Archived from the original on March 13, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  11. Slaughter, Graham; Bogart, Nicole (March 12, 2020). "Sophie Gregoire Trudeau tests positive for COVID-19". CTV News. Archived from the original on March 13, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  12. Shah, Maryam (March 28, 2020). "'All clear': Sophie Grégoire Trudeau thanks well-wishers after recovering from COVID-19". globalnews.ca.
  13. Tasker, John Paul (March 29, 2020). "Sophie Grégoire Trudeau says she has recovered from COVID-19". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.
  14. Slaughter, Graham (March 5, 2020). "Canada confirms first 'community case' of COVID-19: Here's what that means". CTVNews. Archived from the original on March 8, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
  15. "Toronto waking up to new reality amid 'evidence' of COVID-19 community spread | CBC News". Retrieved March 17, 2020.
  16. Chouinard, Tommy (March 15, 2020). "Legault ordonne la fermeture de lieux de rassemblement". La Presse (in French). Archived from the original on March 16, 2020. Retrieved March 15, 2020.