|Anthem: Sri Lanka Matha
Mother Sri Lanka
|Capital||Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte
|Government||Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic|
|-||Prime Minister||Ranil Wickremesinghe|
|-||Speaker of the Parliament||Chamal Rajapaksa|
|-||Chief Justice||Mohan Peiris|
|Independence from the United Kingdom|
|-||Dominion||4 February 1948|
|-||Republic||22 May 1972|
|-||Total||65,610 km2 (122nd)
25,332 sq mi
|-||2010 estimate||20,238,000 (56th)|
|-||Mid 2010 census||20,653,000|
|GDP (PPP)||2012 estimate|
|-||Total||$158 billion (66th)|
|GDP (nominal)||2012 estimate|
|-||Total||$64 billion (73rd)|
|HDI (2011)|| 0.691
medium · 97th
|Currency||Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)|
|Time zone||Sri Lanka Standard Time Zone (UTC+5:30)|
|-||Summer (DST)||not observed (UTC)|
|Drives on the||left|
|Internet TLD||.lk, .ලංකා, .இலங்கை|
The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (in Sinhala in Tamil) is a tropical island nation off the southeast coast of the Indian subcontinent. The capital of the country is Sri Jayawardanapura while the largest city is Colombo.
It was known as Ceylon before 1972, and Serendib and Sinhale, among other names, before that. It was South Asia's oldest democracy.
Ethnic make-up[change | change source]
Sri Lanka has three main ethnic groups. They differ in their religions and origins, and there has often been difficulties between the groups. The total population of the island is over 20 million people, and rapidly expanding.
There are a number of smaller ethnic groups, of which the Veddas are notable because they may be the original inhabitants of the island, or at any rate the earliest to survive today. They have "indigenous people" status in the island.
European influences[change | change source]
The island was subject to waves of European settlement and eventually colonisation. The Portugese in the 16th and 17th centuries, the Dutch in the 17th and 18th centuries, and lastly the British from 1796 to 1948. The British, always interested in trade, developed plantations of coffee and tea. Tea was planted after a fungus destroyed the coffee plantations in 1869. The tea plantations were the basis of Sri Lankan prosperity for a hundred years. Lastly, rubber plantations were started in the early 20th century. In 1965, Ceylon became the world's leading exporter of tea, with 200,000 tonnes of tea being shipped internationally annually.
Independence from the British was got in 1948, together with Dominion status in the British Commonwealth of Nations. In 1972, Ceylon changed its name officially to the Republic of Sri Lanka, and is still a member of the Commonwealth.
National symbols of Sri Lanka[change | change source]
National animal of Sri Lanka[source?]
Flag[change | change source]
The Sri Lanka flag is also known as the Lion flag because of the Lion on it. The Lion is holding a sword in its right paw. There is a crimson background with four leaves in each corner. There is a yellow border. On the left of the flag there are the colors green and saffron.
The lion represents bravery. The four leaves represents Karuna, Meththa, Muditha and Upeksha. The orange stripe represents the Sri Lankan Tamils and the green stripe represents the Sri Lankan Moors.
Provinces[change | change source]
Sri Lanka has 9 provinces.
Related pages[change | change source]
- List of rivers of Sri Lanka
- Sri Lanka at the Olympics
- Sri Lanka national football team
- History of Sri Lanka
- Burning of Jaffna library
Notes[change | change source]
- "Sri Lanka at a glance". Sri Lanka Board of Tourism. http://srilanka.travel/index.php?route=information/information&information_id=46. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- "Sri Lanka: Parliament History". The Official Website of the Government of Sri Lanka. 24 November 2011. http://www.priu.gov.lk/Parliament/ParliamentHistory.html. Retrieved 17 July 2011.
- Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2009) (PDF). World Population Prospects, Table A.1. 2008 revision. United Nations. http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/wpp2008/wpp2008_text_tables.pdf. Retrieved 12 March 2009.
- "Estimated mid year population by sex and district - 2010" (PDF). Department of Census and Statistics - Sri Lanka. http://www.statistics.gov.lk/PopHouSat/Mid%20Year%20Population/midyearsex%20&district.pdf. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects: Sri Lanka". International Monetary Fund. April 2011. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2011/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2009&ey=2016&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&pr1.x=95&pr1.y=12&c=524&s=NGDP_R%2CNGDP_RPCH%2CNGDP%2CNGDPD%2CNGDP_D%2CNGDPRPC%2CNGDPPC%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CPPPSH%2CPPPEX%2CNID_NGDP%2CNGSD_NGDP%2CPCPI%2CPCPIPCH%2CPCPIE%2CPCPIEPCH%2CTM_RPCH%2CTMG_RPCH%2CTX_RPCH%2CTXG_RPCH%2CTXGO%2CTMGO%2CLUR%2CLP%2CGGR%2CGGR_NGDP%2CGGX%2CGGX_NGDP%2CGGXCNL%2CGGXCNL_NGDP%2CNGDP_FY%2CBCA%2CBCA_NGDPD&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- "Human Development Report 2011. Human development index trends: Table 1" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
- Dominion of Ceylon: definition of Dominion of Ceylon in the Free Online Encyclopedia. Encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com. 
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Government[change | change source]
- Official web portal of the Government of Sri Lanka
- Office of the President of Sri Lanka
- Ministry of Defence, Sri Lanka
- Central Bank of Sri Lanka
- World Terrorism Blog On Sri Lanka
Business[change | change source]
- Board of Investment of Sri Lanka
- Sri Lanka Export Development Board
- Colombo Stock Exchange
- Sri Lankan Business Directory
Other[change | change source]
- Virtual Library Sri Lanka
- The CIA World Factbook - Sri Lanka
- Sri Lanka - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
- Collection of slides of Sri Lanka, University of Pennsylvania library
- NIGHANTAYA | The Environment Friendly E Community | Sri Lanka