Non-Aligned Movement

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Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
Map of the world indicating members and observers of the Non-Aligned Movement
     Member countries     Observer countries
Coordinating Bureau New York City, New York, U.S.
Membership[1]
  • 120 members
  • 15 observers
Leaders
 -  Principal decision-
making organ
Conference of Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries[2]
 -  Secretary-General Nicolás Maduro
Establishment 1961 in Belgrade
as the Conference of Heads of State of Government of Non-Aligned Countries
Website
csstc.org

The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is an international organization (group of countries) who do not want to be officially aligned (friends) with or against any major power bloc (group of countries). In 2012, the movement had 120 members and 15 observer countries.[3]

The group was started in Belgrade in 1961. It was created by Yugoslavia's President, Josip Broz Tito, India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, Egypt's second President, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Ghana's first president Kwame Nkrumah, and Indonesia's first President, Sukarno. All five leaders believed that developing countries should not help either the Western or Eastern blocs in the Cold War. They also believed that developing countries should not be capitalist or communist, but should try to find a different way to help their people.

The Havana Declaration of 1979 said that the purpose of the organization is to help countries keep their "the national independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of non-aligned countries" in their "struggle against imperialism, colonialism, neo-colonialism, racism, and all forms of foreign aggression, occupation, domination, interference or hegemony as well as against great power and bloc politics."[4] This means that they wanted to govern their countries without the capitalist or communist countries telling them how.

The countries of the non-aligned movement are nearly two-thirds of the United Nations's members and 55% of the world population.

Secretaries-General[change | change source]

Between summits, the Non-Aligned Movement is run by the secretary-general elected at last summit meeting. As a considerable part of the movement's work is undertaken at the United Nations in New York, the chair country's ambassador to the UN is expected to devote time and effort to matters concerning the Non-Aligned Movement. The Coordinating Bureau, also based at the UN, is the main instrument for directing the work of the movement's task forces, committees and working groups.

Secretaries-General of the Non-Aligned Movement
Name Country Party From To
Josip Broz Tito  Yugoslavia League of Communists of Yugoslavia 1961 1964
Gamal Abdel Nasser  United Arab Republic Arab Socialist Union 1964 1970
Kenneth Kaunda  Zambia United National Independence Party 1970 1973
Houari Boumediène  Algeria Revolutionary Council 1973 1976
William Gopallawa  Sri Lanka Independent 1976 1978
Junius Richard Jayewardene United National Party 1978 1979
Fidel Castro  Cuba Communist Party of Cuba 1979 1983
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy  India Janata Party 1983
Zail Singh Congress Party 1983 1986
Robert Mugabe  Zimbabwe ZANU-PF 1986 1989
Janez Drnovšek  Yugoslavia League of Communists of Yugoslavia 1989 1990
Borisav Jović Socialist Party of Serbia 1990 1991
Stjepan (Stipe) Mesić Croatian Democratic Union 1991
Branko Kostić Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro 1991 1992
Dobrica Ćosić[source?] Independent 1992
Suharto  Indonesia Partai Golongan Karya 1992 1995
Ernesto Samper  Colombia Colombian Liberal Party 1995 1998
Andrés Pastrana Arango Colombian Conservative Party 1998
Nelson Mandela  South Africa African National Congress 1998 1999
Thabo Mbeki 1999 2003
Mahathir Mohamad  Malaysia United Malays National Organisation 2003
Abdullah Ahmad Badawi 2003 2006
Fidel Castro[5]  Cuba Communist Party of Cuba 2006 2008
Raúl Castro 2008 2009
Hosni Mubarak  Egypt National Democratic Party 2009 2011
Mohamed Hussein Tantawi Independent 2011 2012
Mohamed Morsi Freedom and Justice Party 2012
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad  Iran Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran 2012 2013
Hassan Rouhani Combatant Clergy Association 2013 2016
Nicolás Maduro  Venezuela United Socialist Party of Venezuela 2016 present

Members[change | change source]

Full Members[change | change source]

Member states of the Non-Aligned Movement (2009). Light blue states have observer status.
  1.  Afghanistan
  2.  Algeria
  3.  Angola
  4.  Antigua and Barbuda# Argentina # Azerbaijan
  5.  Bahamas
  6.  Bahrain
  7.  Bangladesh
  8.  Barbados
  9.  Belarus
  10.  Belize
  11.  Benin
  12.  Bhutan
  13.  Bolivia
  14.  Botswana
  15.  Brazil
  16.  Brunei
  17.  Burkina Faso
  18.  Burundi
  19.  Cambodia
  20.  Cameroon
  21.  Cape Verde
  22.  Central African Republic
  23.  Chad
  24.  Chile
  25.  Colombia
  26.  Comoros
  27.  Congo
  1.  Cuba
  2.  Democratic Republic of the Congo
  3.  Djibouti
  4.  Dominica
  5.  Dominican Republic
  6.  Ecuador
  7.  Egypt
  8.  Equatorial Guinea
  9.  Eritrea
  10.  Ethiopia
  11.  Gabon
  12.  Gambia
  13.  Ghana
  14.  Grenada
  15.  Guatemala
  16.  Guinea
  17.  Guinea-Bissau
  18.  Guyana
  19.  Haiti
  20.  Honduras
  21.  India
  22.  Indonesia
  23.  Iran
  24.  Iraq
  25.  Ivory Coast
  26.  Jamaica# Jordan
  27.  Kenya
  28.  Kuwait
  29.  Laos
  30.  Lebanon
  31.  Lesotho
  32.  Liberia
  33.  Libya
  34.  Madagascar
  35.  Malawi
  36.  Malaysia
  37.  Maldives # Malta
  38.  Mali
  39.  Mauritania
  40.  Mauritius
  41.  Mongolia# Myanmar
  42.  Morocco
  43.  Mozambique
  44.  Namibia
  45.  Nepal
  46.  Nicaragua
  47.  Niger
  48.  Nigeria
  49.  North Korea
  50.  Oman
  51.  Pakistan
  52.  Palestine
  53.  Panama
  54.  Papua New Guinea
  55.  Peru
  56.  Philippines
  57.  Qatar
  58.  Rwanda
  59.  Saint Lucia
  60.  Saint Kitts and Nevis
  61.  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  62.  São Tomé and Príncipe
  63.  Saudi Arabia
  64.  Senegal
  65.  Seychelles
  66.  Sierra Leone
  67.  Singapore
  68.  Somalia
  69.  South Africa
  70.  Sri Lanka
  71.  Sudan
  72.  Suriname
  73.  Swaziland
  74.  Syria
  75.  Tanzania
  76.  Thailand
  77.  Timor-Leste
  78.  Togo
  79.  Trinidad and Tobago
  80.  Tunisia
  81.  Turkmenistan
  82.  Uganda
  83.  United Arab Emirates
  84.  Uzbekistan
  85.  Vanuatu
  86.  Venezuela
  87.  Vietnam
  88.  Yemen
  89.  Zambia
  90.  Zimbabwe

Former members[change | change source]

[6][7]

  1.  Cyprus[8]

Closing </ref> missing for <ref> tag[9][10]

  1.  Ukraine (dropped observer status)

[11]

Observers[change | change source]

The following countries and organizations have observer status:[12]

  1.  Armenia
  1.  Bosnia and Herzegovina
  1.  China
  2.  Costa Rica
  3.  Croatia
  4.  El Salvador
  5.  Kazakhstan
  6.  Kyrgyzstan
  7.  Mexico
  8.  Montenegro
  9.  Paraguay
  10.  Serbia
  11.  Tajikistan
  12.  Uruguay


References[change | change source]

  1. "NAM Members & Observers". 16th Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement, Tehran, 26–31 August 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  2. "The Non-Aligned Movement: Background Information". Government of Zaire. 21 September 2001. http://www.nam.gov.za/background/background.htm. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  3. http://www.namegypt.org/en/AboutName/MembersObserversAndGuests/Pages/default.aspx
  4. Fidel Castro speech to the UN in his position as chairman of the non-aligned countries movement 12 October 1979; Pakistan & Non-Aligned Movement, Board of Investment - Government of Pakistan, 2003
  5. Fidel Castro, having recently undergone gastric surgery, was unable to attend the conference and was represented by his younger brother, Cuba's acting president Raúl Castro. See "Castro elected President of Non-Aligned Movement Nations", People's Daily, 16-09-2006.
  6. http://prensa.cancilleria.gov.ar/noticia.php?id=13561259
  7. Serrat, Oscar J. (20 September 1991). "Argentina Withdraws from Non-Aligned Movement". Associated Press. http://www.apnewsarchive.com/1991/Argentina-Withdraws-from-Non-Aligned-Movement/id-dad8e554dd531634d2553b6120a48287. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  8. "Cyprus and the Non – Aligned Movement". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Cyprus. http://www.mfa.gov.cy/mfa/mfa2006.nsf/0/11E2EC1C0EE098C6C225727C002A04A8?OpenDocument. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  9. Final Document of the 7th Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement -(New Delhi Declaration)
  10. Kin, Lai Kwok (2 September 1992). "Yugoslavia Casts Shadow over Non-Aligned Summit". Reuters (via The Independent. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  11. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-30587924
  12. Member and Observer Countries, Non-Aligned Movement

Other websites[change | change source]