Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
Member countries Observer countries
|Coordinating Bureau||New York City, New York, U.S.|
|Conference of Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries|
|Establishment||1961 in Belgrade
as the Conference of Heads of State of Government of Non-Aligned Countries
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is an international organization (group of countries) who do not want to be officially aligned (friends) with or against any major power bloc (group of countries). In 2012, the movement had 120 members and 15 observer countries.
The group was started in Belgrade in 1961. It was created by Yugoslavia's President, Josip Broz Tito, India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, Egypt's second President, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Ghana's first president Kwame Nkrumah, and Indonesia's first President, Sukarno. All five leaders believed that developing countries should not help either the Western or Eastern blocs in the Cold War. They also believed that developing countries should not be capitalist or communist, but should try to find a different way to help their people.
The Havana Declaration of 1979 said that the purpose is the organization is to help countries keep their "the national independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of non-aligned countries" in their "struggle against imperialism, colonialism, neo-colonialism, racism, and all forms of foreign aggression, occupation, domination, interference or hegemony as well as against great power and bloc politics." This means that they wanted to govern their countries without the capitalist or communist countries telling them how.
The countries of the non-aligned movement are nearly two-thirds of the United Nations's members and 55% of the world population.
Secretaries-General[change | change source]
||This section does not have any sources. (April 2011)|
Between summits, the Non-Aligned Movement is run by the secretary-general elected at last summit meeting. As a considerable part of the movement's work is undertaken at the United Nations in New York, the chair country's ambassador to the UN is expected to devote time and effort to matters concerning the Non-Aligned Movement. The Coordinating Bureau, also based at the UN, is the main instrument for directing the work of the movement's task forces, committees and working groups.
Members[change | change source]
Full Members[change | change source]
- Antigua and Barbuda
- Burma (Myanmar)
- Burkina Faso
- Cape Verde
- Central African Republic
- Côte d'Ivoire
- Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Dominican Republic
- Equatorial Guinea
- North Korea
- Papua New Guinea
- Saint Lucia
- Saint Kitts and Nevis
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- São Tomé and Príncipe
- Saudi Arabia
- Sierra Leone
- South Africa
- Sri Lanka
- Trinidad and Tobago
- United Arab Emirates
Former members[change | change source]
- North Yemen[source?]
- South Yemen[source?]
- Ukraine (dropped observer status)
Observers[change | change source]
The following countries and organizations have observer status:
References[change | change source]
- "NAM Members & Observers". 16th Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement, Tehran, 26–31 August 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- "The Non-Aligned Movement: Background Information". Government of Zaire. 21 September 2001. http://www.nam.gov.za/background/background.htm. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
- Fidel Castro speech to the UN in his position as chairman of the non-aligned countries movement 12 October 1979; Pakistan & Non-Aligned Movement, Board of Investment - Government of Pakistan, 2003
- Fidel Castro, having recently undergone gastric surgery, was unable to attend the conference and was represented by his younger brother, Cuba's acting president Raúl Castro. See "Castro elected President of Non-Aligned Movement Nations", People's Daily, 16-09-2006.
- Serrat, Oscar J. (20 September 1991). "Argentina Withdraws from Non-Aligned Movement". Associated Press. http://www.apnewsarchive.com/1991/Argentina-Withdraws-from-Non-Aligned-Movement/id-dad8e554dd531634d2553b6120a48287. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
- "Cyprus and the Non – Aligned Movement". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Cyprus. http://www.mfa.gov.cy/mfa/mfa2006.nsf/0/11E2EC1C0EE098C6C225727C002A04A8?OpenDocument. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
- "XIV Ministerial Conference of the Non-Aligned Movement". South Africa Ministry for Foreign Affairs. http://www.nam.gov.za/media/040920b.htm. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
- "The Non-Aligned Movement: Member States". XII Summit, Durban, South Africa, 2–3 September 1998. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- Final Document of the 7th Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement -(New Delhi Declaration)
- Kin, Lai Kwok (2 September 1992). "Yugoslavia Casts Shadow over Non-Aligned Summit". Reuters (via The Independent. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- Member and Observer Countries, Non-Aligned Movement
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Non-Aligned Movement|
- Official Site: 15th Summit — Fifteenth Non Aligned Movement Summit, (Sharm el Sheikh July 11–16, 2009)
- Official Site: 14th Summit — Fourteenth Non Aligned Movement Summit, (Havana, September 11–16, 2006)
- Non-Aligned Movement — Resource site
- International Institute for Non-Aligned Studies — International Organization for Non-Aligned Movement
- The Cold War International History Project's Document Collection on the NAM