Partition of Bengal (1947)

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Map showing the location of East and West Bengal.

The Partition of Bengal in 1947, part of the Partition of India, was a direct partition that divided the British Indian province of Bengal between the Republic of India and the new State of Pakistan, with West Bengal becoming a province of India and East Bengal becoming a province of Pakistan. The partition, with the power transferred officially to Pakistan and India on August 14–15, 1947, was done according to what has come to be known as the 3 June Plan or Mountbatten Plan. India’s freedom on August 15, 1947 ended almost 350 years of British presence in the Indian subcontinent. East Bengal, which became a province of Pakistan according to the provisions set forth the Mountbatten Plan, later became the independent country of Bangladesh after the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War.