List of countries by continents

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a list of countries by continent, along with their capitals.

Africa[change | change source]

Africa is a continent in the systems with 5 or more continents, consisting of 54 countries and the disputed area of Western Sahara.

Antarctica[change | change source]

Antarctica is a continent but does not host any countries. It is provisioned under the Antarctic Treaty signed by thirty-eight countries.

Asia[change | change source]

Asia is a continent in the 7 continent system. The 48 countries (excluding Taiwan and Hongkong) as per United Nations list are within it are as follows:-


    • ARMENIA, AZERBAIJAN, CYPRUS, GEORGIA and TURKEY are considered a part of Asia by United Nations.
    • Hongkong and Taiwan are parts of China

Europe[change | change source]

Europe is a continent in one of the 6 continent systems and the 7 continent system. In other systems it is part of Asia, Eurasia or Eurafrasia. The 45 countries within it are as follows:


Russia is considered European by United Nations. Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cyprus, Georgia and Turkey are considered Asian by United Nations.

America[change | change source]

America is a continent in the 4, 5 and one of the 6 continent systems.

North America[change | change source]

North America is a continent in the 7 continents system, consisting of 5 countries:

Central America and the Antilles[change | change source]

Central America is the southern region of North America and consists of 23 independent countries including several islands with varying autonomy statuses:

South America[change | change source]

South America is a continent in the seven continent system. In other systems it is part of America. The 13 countries belonging to it are as follows:

Oceania[change | change source]

Several terms are in use to describe the region comprising Australia and the nations of the Pacific Ocean. The term Oceania is usually preferred, and this is the term in use by the United Nations. The term Pacific Islands generally excludes the islands of New Zealand, and the continent of Australia. The indigenous Māori of New Zealand are a Polynesian people.

Historically, the region was called Australasia. This term is based more on natural history (geology, living things, geography) than on politics. This means Australia, New Zealand and the whole of New Guinea, plus those islands which are geologically connected.

The countries (14 total) are listed below according to their UN classification:

Australia[change | change source]

Australasian[change | change source]

Australasia is not a politically designated region. It is a natural region of islands designated by its geology, geography, botany and zoology. It is also an ecozone.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Bangladesh National Portal".

Other websites[change | change source]